August 2020

Indigenous Peoples and Human Rights

Thursday, April 1, 2010

PERU: Climate Change and the Rights of Mother Earth

Bolivia Climate Summit: The discussions on the Rights of Mother Earth and Climate Change are already underway online in advance of the Bolivia Climate Summit in virtual workshops for those registered for the conference
By Brenda Norrell
Censored News
With the World's Peoples Conference on Climate Change and the Rights of Mother Earth in Cochabamba, Bolivia, less than three weeks away, Indigenous Peoples are already discussing the vital need to protect the rights of Mother Earth.
The discussion is underway in the Referendum Working Group. Its premise states, "Humanity, the only species in the planet able to decide about its relation with Mother Earth and the possibility to generate discussion and implement activities to preserve this relation, should have the possibility to express through direct opinions, in order to establish for each Government an action plan permitting recovering of the harmony with our Mother Earth."
In the Referendum workshop dialogue, questions are asked to generate responses for a world referendum. The Referendum workshop focus is on reestablishing harmony with Mother Earth and recognizing its Rights; a change of over-consumption of the waste model which is the capitalist system; domestic reduction and absorption of the developed countries greenhouse gases in order to prevent temperature increases of no more than 1┬║ C and the transfer of all war expenditures to more money for climate change. It further asks: "Are you in accordance to create a Climate Justice Tribunal to judge who destroys Mother Earth?"
Otto Mendoza Portocorrero, president of ONAPROS in Peru, offers this statement:
Whereas, some countries will be reluctant to comply with the agreements accomplished during the Conferences, in this particular case during the World People's Conference on Climate Change and the Rights of Mother Earth, to be held on April 19th to 22nd, 2010 in Cochabamba, Bolivia,
Whereas it is a duty of peoples representatives to seek for its peoples interests,
Whereas climate change affects not only human beings but also all animal species, for the ones we must advocate,
Whereas human beings and all alive beings of the world are the ones who suffer climate change consequences,
Whereas the percentage of greenhouse gas emission reductions from countries is not sufficient to avoid an increase in global temperature,
This is related with the defense of life, and due to the lack of support from developed countries to give a solution, through policies seeking for an increase in greenhouse gas emission reductions percentages, which can be achieved through forestation and reforestation by all peoples of the world, and also through the production of clean and renewable energy; in this sense the production of gases causing climate change would be counteracted.
It is a requirement that through the World People’s Conference on Climate Change and the Rights of Mother Earth, President Evo Morales’ proposal is approved by the establishment of a referendum and its questions, so the peoples of the world can make their voices be heard in their votes. This will force developed countries to prioritize climate change issues executing effective gases reduction policies, which will tackle global warming that comes as a consequence of environmental contamination.
Governments will be in charge of the popular consultation to contribute with nature balance.
Arequipa, PERU, February, 2010
Otto Mendoza Portocarrero
ONAPROS President
Reg. 1140142836-677

Resisting the Nuclear Boom: A new wave of uranium mining threatens Indigenous communities in Southwest

Resisting the Nuclear Boom: A new wave of uranium mining threatens Indigenous communities in the Southwest
By Klee Benally and Jessica Lee

Since December, miners have resumed crawling deep into the earth on the edge of the Grand Canyon to mine high-grade uranium ore at the Arizona 1 Mine, which had been closed since the late 1980s. Owned by the Canadian Denison Mines Corp., it is the first uranium mine to open in northern Arizona since nuclear power again became a popular idea in Washington within the last decade. The greater Grand Canyon area faces a possible explosion in the number of new uranium mines.

The price of uranium has rebounded in recent years due to a surge in reactor construction throughout the world and thanks to political support from the White House, starting with George W. Bush and reinforced by Barack Obama. The price has varied from $10 to $138 per pound since 2001, and is currently valued at $41.25 per pound.

More than 8,000 uranium mine claims have been filed in northern Arizona, an increase from 110 in 2003 — a rate seen across the West. The area’s sedimentary rock layer called breccia pipes, which exists up to 1,800 feet below the surface, is the most concentrated source of uranium known in the United States.

According to the Arizona Daily Sun, Denison plans on operating four days per week, extracting 335 tons of uranium ore per day. The hazardous ore will be hauled by truck more than 300 miles through towns and rural communities to the company’s White Mesa mill located near Blanding, Utah, where it will be processed into “yellowcake” (refined uranium ore to make uranium oxide) and then sold.

A coalition of environmental groups filed a lawsuit last November to stop the opening of the mine, alleging that the legally required documents were outdated and did not offer protections required by contemporary environmental laws. While the lawsuit is pending, the Bureau of Land Management and Arizona Department of Environmental Quality say the mine is properly authorized.

In response to growing concern about the pending mining boom in northern Arizona, U.S. Secretary of Interior Ken Salazar called for a “two-year time-out” last summer to allow federal agencies to complete a two-year environmental review before authorizing new mining claims within the one million acres on federal lands near the Grand Canyon. Existing claims, such as Denison’s mine, were exempt from the temporary moratorium.

Environmentalists and local Indigenous communities hope that after the review in February 2011, Salazar will make the area unavailable for new mining claims for the a maximum 20-year period allowed by the Interior Department. Meanwhile, the U.S. House of Representatives is considering the Grand Canyon Watersheds Protection Act (H.R. 644), legislation that would permanently protect the one million acres on federal land from new mining claims — creating a five-mile buffer zone of around Grand Canyon National Park.

North American Caucus to UN Permanent Forum


The preparatory meeting of the North American Indigenous Caucus took place on March 6 and7, 2010 in the territory of the Alexis Nakota Sioux Nation in Alberta, Canada. The meeting wasco-sponsored by the Alexis Nakota Sioux Nation, Enoch Cree Nation, and the Confederacy of Treaty Six First Nations. The meeting was attended by representatives of over 50 Indigenous peoples from across North America, Indigenous organizations, and numerous Chiefs, elders,youth and members of the nations comprising Treaty 6. Delegates were presented with a draft report of the meeting, reviewed and made amendments from the floor, and the amended report was adopted by consensus. Delegates further requested that a summary of the report be prepared for circulation at the UNPFII-9. This summary lists the key recommendations of the North American Indigenous Peoples Caucus. The full report is attached and is hereby formally transmitted to the UNPFII Secretariat for inclusion as an official document for the upcoming Ninth Session of the UNPFII.
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Underreported Struggles: Indigenous Global News

Underreported Struggles #36, March 2010

In this month's Underreported Struggles: Alaska Natives win battle against world's largest zinc mine; Mayan communities order halt to mining projects on their land; Indigenous Peoples of Guyana demand the right to consent; Colombia government signs accord with Indigenous People; Coastal First Nations bar tankers, pipeline from their territories.
--Indigenous People bar proposed pipeline from their territories - A coalition of Indigenous Nations have issued a declaration barring the proposed Enbridge Northern gateway pipeline from transporting crude oil from the Alberta Tar Sands through their territories along Canada's west Coast. The coalition of nine First Nations say the project, regardless of any economic benefits it may hold, poses an imminent threat to the environment, as well as their territories, cultures and livelihoods.

Winnemem Bringing Salmon Home to McCloud River - Winnemem Wintu tribal members have embarked on an unusual and historic journey in an effort to bring Chinook salmon back to the McCloud River.

Court Halts Colombia's Biggest Copper Mining Venture - Colombia's Constitutional Court has ordered a halt to Colombia's largest copper mining project, citing a lack of consultation with nearby indigenous and Afro-Colombian communities regarding the environmental and cultural impact of the mine. A total of 12 communities belonging to the Embera ethnic group and two Afro-Colombian communities live in the area.

International moratorium called for new oil exploration in the Arctic - The Indigenous Environmental Network, the Council of Canadians, and the Alaska based REDOIL Network have issued an open letter calling for an international moratorium on all new exploration for fossil fuel resources in the Arctic region.

Alaska Natives win battle against Red Dog, world's largest zinc mine - Alaska Natives living in two villages have won a battle against the world's largest zinc mine over a permit they said would have polluted an important fish stream that provides food and drinking water. The mine has repeatedly topped the EPA's Toxics Release Inventory list, an annual compilation of toxic chemicals released by all industries in the U.S.

Guatemala must suspend mining operations on Mayan territory - Several Mayan communities and organizations have presented a Constitutional Petition to the government of Guatemala, calling for the immediate suspension of all mining activities taking place on Mayan land-including Goldcorp's Marlin Mine and HudBay Mineral's Fenix project.

Chinese project brought to a grinding halt in PNG - Indigenous landowners described as "ignorant" by lawyers acting for the Chinese Ramu nickel mine have pulled off an enormous victory by securing a temporary court injunction to stop work on the mine's submarine tailings disposal system.

Malaysian indigenous tribes protest land changes - Hundreds of indigenous tribal Malaysians staged a rare protest outside the prime minister's office Wednesday to denounce potential changes to a law that they fear will rob them of land.

Protect the Glen Cove Sacred Burial Site! - Yet another sacred site is facing destruction in the United States. The Greater Vallejo Recreation District (GVRD) and the City of Vallejo want to convert the Glen Cove Shellmound site in Vallejo, California, into a community park with its own trail, picnic tables, restroom facilities and parking lot. The 15-acre Shellmound site, known to the Ohlone Peoples as "Sogorea Te" is the final resting place for thousands of Indigenous People dating back at least 3,500 years.

Indigenous Cambodians decry foreign land concessions - Indigenous Cambodians are urging the government to suspend hundreds of concessions awarded to foreign and local companies they say are operating on disputed land.

Protesting Against Operation Green Hunt: A Leaflet from Indigenous Villages - Kenddungri villagers in West Bengal have issued a statement against Operation Green Hunt, a military program aimed at "catching Maoists." The villagers are being indiscriminately terrorized by the questionable effort.

Brazilian Federal Police raids Native village and abducts Chief Babau - At around two o'clock in the morning on March 10th a group of unidentified armed people entered the Tupinambá Native American Village Serra do Padeiro in the South of the Brazilian state of Bahia and brutalized, threatened with murder, drugged and abducted the local Chief Babau.

Mexico: The Lacandona Rainforest is being cleared of its People - The Mexican government is moving ahead with an "ambitious new plan" to surround the Lacandona Forest in Chiapas, Mexico, with oil palm plantations; while disguising the forest around the plantations with various eco-tourism sites. In preparing for the two-faced project, the government—still in line with the old ambitious plan—with the help of various corporations, is clearing the Rainforest of its Indigenous People.

Legal blow for controversial Andaman tourist resort - Weeks after the last member of the Bo tribe died on the Andaman Islands, an Indian court has moved to protect the neighbouring Jarawa tribe by suspending the operation of a controversial tourist resort. India's Supreme Court ordered on Monday that the company, Barefoot India, must close its resort near the Jarawa's reserve, pending further deliberation by the court.

PERU: Suspension of Mining Operation Merely a Placebo - Although the Peruvian government reported that it had suspended the exploration activities of the Afrodita mining company in the country's northern Amazon jungle region to avoid further protests by local indigenous people, officials took no actual steps to bring the firm's work to a halt.

Indigenous Peoples of Guyana Demand Action on Land Rights, Consent Issues - Toshaos, Village leaders, regional leaders, district leaders, community leaders, and APA Executive members are demanding action from the Government of Guyana and the international community to advance the land rights of indigenous peoples and ensure that the principle of free, prior and informed consent (FPIC) is respected.

Malaysia: Pressure mounts on Sarawak natives - Sarawak is again in the news as the relentless pressure on the ‘native peoples' intensifies. Logging operations continue to push into the Dayak peoples' ancestral territories, extending deep into the lands of the Penan people, up into the Kelabit highlands and right up to the sources of the Rajang river. Logging tracks even extend over the border into Indonesia. Meanwhile on the coast and in the lower-lying parts of the State, extensive tracts of Dayak land are being converted to oil palm plantations.

Halalt First Nation holds blockade for the water - For more than a week, members of the Halalt First Nation, near the southeastern coast of Vancouver Island in British Columbia, have held onto a "protective blockade" in defense of the Chemainus River. The blockade officially came to an end on March 11.

Colombia signs accord with Indigenous People - In late 2009, Indigenous families began occupying police stations in Colombia, to demand negotiations with the government and bring an end to ongoing military and paramilitary harassment. The mobilization involved more than 6,000 families. Fortunately, after 63 days, the government agreed to sign a 45-point accord with the families.

New law to facilitate relocation of communities in mineral rich areas, Peru - Hundreds of Peruvian communities were displaced as they fled the 1980-2000 civil war. Today the government is pushing for urgent passage of a law that would facilitate the relocation of entire villages or neighbourhoods in mineral or energy-rich areas.

Sioux Tribe settles tax debt with IRS, buys back land - The Crow Creek Sioux Tribe has settled its tax debt with the IRS and lined up a loan that will enable it to buy back the 11 square miles of land the IRS sold at auction in December, the tribal chairman said. A stipulation filed in court last week indicates the tribe will dismiss its lawsuit, which sought to prevent the IRS from selling the Hyde County land. That will cancel a May 4 trial.

Australia Gov't Pushing Ahead with Nuclear Dump on Indigenous Land - As long expected, the Rudd government has decided to push ahead with their plan to build a nuclear waste dump site on Warlmanpa land.

Wet'suwe'ten Blockade Against Logging - The Vancouver Media Co-op interviews Richard Sam, a member of the Wet'suwe'ten Nation and one of two people maintaining a road blockade against the Canadian logging company Canfor in central British Columbia

Amazonia For Sale - 35 minutes in length, Amazonia for Sale tells the story of the Awajun Peoples, who, like so many other Indigenous Peoples around the world, are struggling to preserve their land, protect their way of life, and defend their dignity and rights in the Peruvian Amazon.

Hope and Terror in the land of the Jumma - An eerie calm has returned to the Chittagong Hill Tracts of Bangladesh, where the military recently opened fire on the Indigenous Jumma People, killing 6 and injuring more than two dozen men, women and children. Sadly, painfully, it was not the first time the peaceful Jumma were put through such wretched violence, as we are reminded by this powerful clip from the documentary film, "Terrified voices."