August 2020

Indigenous Peoples and Human Rights

Saturday, October 23, 2021

Apache Stronghold 'Native Religious Sacred Sites on Federal Land have no Protections from the U.S. Government'

Wendsler Nosie at San Francisco Civic Center. Photo by Steve Pavey


Native Religious Sacred Sites on Federal Land have no Protections from the U.S. Government 


By Apache Stronghold
Censored News
Oct. 22, 2021
French translation by Christine Prat
https://chrisp.lautre.net/wpblog/?p=6790

SAN FRANCISCO -- The United States Government position today in Apache Stronghold vs U.S. in the Appeal  hearing in the 9th Circuit Court confirmed that the destruction of Apache Religion is not a  concern of the U.S Government and is not an obligation of the U.S., confirming the fact that  oppression of Native people is not, never was and will not stand in the way of their actions.

"We knew where we stood all along, now the U.S. Government admits that we do not matter and that they own all federal land and the decisions about the land, our connection to it is not  of their concern."

Friday, October 22, 2021

Nye County Sheriff Releases Myron Dewey Fatal Accident Report



The Nye County Sheriff's Department said Myron Dewey died as a result of a head-on collision, when a truck pulled into his lane on a dirt road near Yomba, Nevada. 

By Brenda Norrell
Censored News
Oct. 20, 2021
Updated Oct. 24, 2021

YOMBA, Nevada -- The Nye County Sheriff Department's accident report states that the fatal accident that resulted in the death of Paiute Shoshone Journalist Myron Dewey was the result of a second vehicle pulling into his lane and causing a head-on collision.

The driver of the second vehicle, John David Walsh of Reno, said he was headed north on Ione Road, a dirt road in Nye County, when a vehicle passed him headed south and stirred up dust. Walsh said he pulled into the other lane to get out of the dust, and that is when the head-on collision occurred.

Thursday, October 21, 2021

Facebook locks account after publication of Myron Dewey's fatal crash police report


By Brenda Norrell

Censored News

Today, after publishing an article detailing the police reports of the vehicle crash that resulted in the death of Paiute Shoshone Journalist Myron Dewey, Facebook locked me out of my account. Attempts today to recover the account were unsuccessful.

The Nye County Sheriff's Department released the traffic crash reports from the Sheriff's Department and the Nevada Highway Patrol yesterday, Oct. 20.  https://bsnorrell.blogspot.com/2021/10/nye-county-sheriff-releases-myron-dewey.html

Wednesday, October 20, 2021

Likht'samisyu Clan Enforces Coastal Gaslink Eviction, Decommissions Heavy Equipment



Likht'samisyu Clan Enforces Coastal Gaslink Eviction, Decommissions Heavy Equipment

Media Contact: Chief Smogelgem (Warner Naziel)
Censored News
Oct 19, 2021

Unceded Likht'samisyu Territory, Houston, B.C. -- Coastal Gaslink (CGL) has removed all heavy machinery from the Wet'suwet'en territory of Parrot Lake following the seizure and decommissioning of an excavator by Likht'samisyu Hereditary Chief Dsta'hyl.
Likht'samisyu is one of five clans of the Wet'suwet'en nation, each of which have rejected all fossil fuel pipeline projects slated to cross unceded Wet'suwet'en lands. In January 2020, Wet'suwet'en hereditary chiefs (including several Likht'samisyu chiefs) issued an eviction notice to Coastal Gaslink and its employees, resulting in nationwide solidarity actions and the immediate eviction of Coastal Gaslink workers from Wet'suwet'en lands.
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Tuesday, October 19, 2021

OAK FLAT: Apache Protest and Media Advisory for Federal Court in San Francisco Oct. 22, 2021




This week: Apaches in court to save their sacred land

Ninth Circuit to hear Apache Stronghold’s plea to save Oak Flat from destruction

By Apache Stronghold
Censored News

WASHINGTON – Apaches in Arizona will be in federal court this week to save their spiritual lifeblood and sacred site known as Oak Flat from being destroyed by a copper mine that would swallow their holy ground in a nearly 2-mile-wide crater deeper than the Eiffel Tower.

Monday, October 18, 2021

Mohawk Mothers Tell McGill 'Don't Mess With Our Land!'



MOTHERS TELL MCGILL:
'DON’T MESS WITH OUR LAND!'

Statement by Mohawk Mothers
Censored News
English and French

Allegations of unmarked graves of Indigenous children left by MK-Ultra psychiatric  experiments on the site of the Allan Memorial Institute of McGill University lead the  kanien'kehá:ka kahnistensera (mohawk mothers), sovereign caretakers of the unceded  territory of Montreal, to block the project of re-purposing the Royal Victoria Hospital, and  to reclaim a forensic and archaeological investigation on the site.  

Tionni’tio’tià:kon (Montreal), Quebec, October 18, 2021. The kanien'kehá:ka kahnistensera (mohawk mothers),  caretakers of the quenondah (two mountains/mount royal) by virtue of their connection with mother earth,  demand the immediate suspension of all reconstruction plans for the Royal Victoria Hospital and Allan  Memorial Institute sites on the campus of McGill University, for the following reasons: 1) The site is unceded kanien'kehá:ka territory. Only the kahnistensera can give permission to do anything on this land; 2) The site contains archaeological remains from the original precolonial Iroquoian village; 3) The grounds of the Allan  Memorial Institute must be investigated for potential unmarked graves and proof of atrocities committed during  the MK-Ultra program, between 1954 and 1963. 

Saturday, October 16, 2021

Mohawk Nation News 'Kanistensera to End McGill Vic Cover-Up'


KANISTENSERA TO END MCGILL ROYAL VIC COVER-UP Audio

Posted on October 15, 2021

Mohawk Nation News




MNN. 14 Oct. 2021. TO ALL OUR RELATIONS:

Listen to audo at MNN


https://mohawknationnews.com/blog/2021/10/15/kanistensera-to-end-mcgill-royal-vic-cover-up-audio/

OBJECT: Public Consultation on the Former Royal Victoria Hospital. This brief was served on McGill Royal Victoria Secretariat on October 15, 2021.



FROM: The rotisken’raketeh of kahnawake, ohsweken/six nations of the grand river, akwesasne, and kanehsatake, on behalf of the kanien’kehá:ka kahnistensera (the mohawk mothers).

Friday, October 15, 2021

Climate Youths Arrested: More Than 655 People Arrested This Week: People vs. Fossil Fuels in Washington

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People vs. Fossil Fuels Mobilization Concludes with Youth-Led Civil Disobedience at the Capitol; 90 Arrested At Capitol; Total Arrests at 655 for the Week

More than 650 People Arrested During This Week’s “People Vs. Fossil Fuels” Mobilization Demanding Urgent Action to Stop New Fossil Fuel Projects

Build Back Fossil Free Coalition Statement
Censored News
See Photos and Video from the week

WASHINGTON — Under a banner declaring “We did not vote for fossil fuels,” Indigenous and youth climate activists led a march to the Capitol today for a mass civil disobedience action, demanding Congress and the Biden Administration take urgent action to stop all new fossil fuel projects and launch a just renewable energy revolution. 90 people were arrested on the fifth and final day of the “People vs. Fossil Fuels” mobilization, bringing the total arrested during the week of action to 655.
 

Democracy Now! 'People vs. Fossil Fuels”: Over 530 Arrested in Historic Indigenous-Led Climate Protests in D.C.'

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Today on Democracy Now!

Photos and videos of this week, with voices of Red Lake, Inupiat Siqiñiq Maupin and Joye Braun, Cheyenne River Lakota. Friday, Oct. 15, 2021.

Youth Climate Activists Risking Arrest in Washington


Now Friday: 5th Day of People vs. Fossil Fuel actions in Washington. BREAKING: Youth activists risking arrest in front of the US Capitol. https://twitter.com/i/status/1449040661894864897
Friday, noon hour in Washington.
"This is our reality. Generation after generation we fight for the Earth," said Jennifer Falcon, photographer. "Native youth are blocking the street outside of the capital risking arrest to demand
Joe Biden declare a climate emergency."


Situation evolving now. Cops have formed a human circle around the youth climate activists. Zip ties and handcuffs visible.


#PeopleVsFossilFuels is outside the Capitol. 10:04 AM · Oct 15, 2021

Livestream on Facebook: Climate youths blocking street to Capitol. Watch video from Friday.

From the Gulf of Finland to the Arctic Circle, Zapatistas link with Sami and Finland's Struggles


Meeting with the Sápmi people inside a large Lavvu tent.
Photo: Suomi Armadillo Collective



From the Gulf of Finland to the Arctic Circle, the Zapatistas link  with Finland's Struggles.


Grieta Collective
Censored News
Original en Espanol
More photos and video at:

October 10, 2021 - Traveling from end to end of Finland, the Zapatista delegation "La Extemporánea" has met with collectives, organizations and individuals learning about their struggles and resistances, learning and exchanging experiences. The Armadillo Suomi Collective of Finland has documented and shared different moments of this journey that has taken the indigenous Mayan rebels from Helsinki on the shores of the Gulf of Finland to the territory of the Sami people, within the Arctic Circle, in the town of Ohcejohka, where the borders of capital mark the boundary between Finland and Norway.

Thursday, October 14, 2021

Fifty-five Water Protectors Arrested Occupying Bureau of Indian Affairs in Washington

                         
Fifty-five Water Protectors Arrested Occupying BIA in Washington Today

Photos by Jennifer Falcon



About half of the group occupying the BIA in Washington have been taken out by police. -- Jennifer Falcon on Twitter, 2:15 pm, Thursday, Oct. 14, 2021

Watch video by Jennifer Falcon on Twitter
More video on Twitter from inside Occupied BIA: 
People vs. Fossil Fuels, Day 4 of Action in Washington
NOW! Outside Interior where about 50 people are occupying the BIA. Resist Line 3 said, "BREAKING: cops are brutally shoving pipeline activists at the Department of Interior - where Sec. Deb Haaland refuses to use her power to Stop Line3."
Five minutes ago: Jennifer K. Falcon on Twitter:
"Police have given their first warning inside the Bureau of Indian Affairs as over fifty water protectors have occupied the building demanding JoeBiden take immediate action on climate change and #stopline3" Oct. 14, 1:20 pm in Washington.NOW! "More Indigenous leaders and their allies have breached the Bureau of Indian Affairs. There are over 50 people occupying the building now." -- Jennifer Falcon on Twitter, the noon hour in Washington on Thursday, Oct. 14, 2021.


 



                                                   Day 4: People vs. Fossil Fuels March on Washington

Wednesday, October 13, 2021

WASHINGTON -- 90 More Arrested as Victims of Climate Chaos Descend on White House


Climate justice and Indigenous activist Siqiñiq Maupin of Sovereign Inupiat for a Living Arctic joins a protest against fossil fuels in front of the White House in Washington, D.C. on October 13, 2021. (Photo: Eman Mohammed/Survival Media Agency)


90 More Arrested as Victims of Climate Chaos Descend on White House

"People are dying rapidly," said one campaigner battling a proposed petrochemical complex in a polluted region of Louisiana. "President Biden… you are letting us down."

JESSICA CORBETT
October 13, 2021
Common Dreams

Another 90 people were arrested outside the White House on Wednesday as residents and supporters of communities on the frontlines of climate chaos joined a week of action ramping up pressure on President Joe Biden to deliver on his campaign promises.

"How much longer will the future of our communities be on the shoulders of citizens without the backing of our elected officials?"

Nearly 300 people have been arrested over the past three days, according to organizers of the #PeopleVsFossilFuels, who are calling on the president to block all new fossil fuel projects and declare a climate emergency.

The theme of Wednesday's protest was "climate chaos is happening now." People from Alaska, California, Louisiana, North Carolina, and Texas shared how fossil fuel development and extreme weather exacerbated by rising temperatures are affecting their communities.

Tuesday, October 12, 2021

Zapatistas Welcomed to Ireland



Zapatistas on the Journey for Life received a warm welcome today when they arrived in Ireland. The delegation is from the larger delegation of 177 from Chiapas that arrived in Vienna, Austria. Championing the struggle and resistance, they carry the message of autonomy, self reliance and dignity. Zapatistas from the delegation have also been with Sami in the Far North lands of Finland and Russia.
“Living as human beings means living with freedom. Living is about art, science, joy, dance, & struggle.” -Words of the Zapatistas

Article by Brenda Norrell
Censored News

Zapatistas are in Ireland! Speaking in Tzeltal, Tzotzil, Chol, Zoque, Mam, Tojolabal through Spanish and from Irish through English ...

The delegations on the Journey for Life are spreading across Europe now.

One delegation of Zapatistas was with Sami in the far north, Finland and Russia, others are planning for journeys to Scotland and London. A total of 177 Zapatistas arrived from Chiapas, after being delayed when the Mexican government delayed issuing passports.

They touched down in Vienna, Austria, and supported Kurdish women in resistance immediately before joining resistance efforts to protect the land and water in neighboring countries.

Before this delegation of 177 flew to Europe, another delegation of Zapatistas from Chiapas crossed the Atlantic by ship, joining resistance struggles in Spain, France and beyond, carrying their message of 'Resistance. Autonomy. Self Reliance. Dignity.' 

Apache Convoy on the Spiritual Road to the Ninth Circuit Court



Rev. John Mendez joins the Apache Spiritual Convoy To the 9th Circuit
with Wendsler Nosie, founder Apache Stonghold 

Apache Stronghold on Spiritual Journey through Arizona and California to Protect Sacred Oak Flat

By Apache Stronghold
Censored News
Oct. 13, 2021

Rev. John Mendez who retired in 2019 as pastor of Emmanuel Baptist Church in Winston-Salem has his whole life been engaged in the struggle for social justice. He has come to San Carlos Apache Reservation to join his long time friend of 30 years, Wendsler Nosie Sr., spiritual leader of the Apache Stronghold, on an important spiritual convoy that begins this week to the 9th Circuit Court in San Francisco for a hearing on the 22nd where the Apache religion will be on trial, a religion that seeks to protect not only sacred Oak Flat from destruction, but to protect all of Mother Earth and all the future generations to come. John said, “I had to come.” And he has been coming to support the Apache Stronghold now for 30 years joining efforts to not only protect Mount Graham and Oak Flat, but to recognize the Apache and all native religions as authentic and legitimate religion that must be recognized and protected.


 

155 More Arrested for 'People Vs. Fossil Fuels' Protest at White House


Throughout the week, Indigenous leaders and climate activists are leading protests outside the White House to demand that President Joe Biden stop fossil fuel projects and declare a climate emergency. (Photo: Shadia Fayne Wood/Survival Media Agency)

155 More Arrested for 'People Vs. Fossil Fuels' Protest at White House

"We're coming every day of this week to tell Biden: Stop this madness."

JESSICA CORBETT

October 12, 2021

 Common Dreams

At least 155 more protesters were arrested outside the White House Tuesday as part of a weeklong action pressuring President Joe Biden to declare a climate emergency and end all new fossil fuel projects.


Russell Chisholm, coordinator of Mountain Valley Watch and co-chair of Protect Our Water Heritage Rights, was among those who spoke at the rally Tuesday. Pointing to the years of opposition that the MVP has faced, he vowed that "we will continue to resist that project until it is defeated."
Guided by the theme "fossil fuels are driving the climate crisis," the latest demonstration followed over 100 arrests on Monday, when protesters marked Indigenous Peoples' Day and drew attention to polluting operations including Enbridge's Line 3 tar sands project and the proposed Mountain Valley Pipeline (MVP).

Chisholm said that opponents will keep up the fight "not just to protect our water, not just to protect that tiny spring that feeds my home, but to protect our brothers and sisters who live along the Gulf Coast, who live with the climate-induced catastrophes all the way back to Katrina."

Monday, October 11, 2021

'Stop Line 3 Enbridge's Dirty Crude Oil' Letter to President Biden During Week of Action in Washington

Casey Camp-Horinek, Ponca Nation Environmental Ambassador at White House. Photo credit Keri Pickett


At White House Joye Braun (center) Cheyenne River Lakota pipeline fighter. Photo credit Keri Pickett

LETTER TO THE WHITE HOUSE:
MAJOR ENVIRONMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS, INDIGENOUS LEADERS, ENVIRONMENTAL AND ALLIED ACTIVISTS CALL ON PRESIDENT BIDEN TO USE HIS AUTHORITY TO HALT FLOW OF OIL IN LINE 3 PIPELINE

Oct. 12, 2021
Censored News

WASHINGTON -- Following the start of oil flow through the Enbridge Line 3 tar sands pipeline, a group of major environmental organizations, Indigenous leaders and allied activists delivered a letter to the Biden administration demanding a halt to the operation of the pipeline until a full environmental review is conducted.
The Line 3 pipeline will carry 760,000 barrels of tar sands oil -- one of the dirtiest fossil fuels on the planet -- per day through untouched wetlands and the treaty territory of Anishinaabe people, and is equivalent to 50 new coal-fired power plants. In the letter, signers expressed their outrage at President Biden’s failure to lead on climate, and emphasized the devastating impacts Line 3 will have on our air, land and water.

Native Women Leaders Arrested at White House Sit-in at Biden's Gate -- Demanding Climate Action


Ponca Casey Camp-Horinek and Lakota Joye Braun Arrested at White House on Indigenous Peoples Day -- During Peaceful Sit-In for Climate Action

By Brenda Norrell
Censored News

Casey Camp-Horinek, Ponca Nation environmental ambassador, and Joye Braun, Cheyenne River Lakota, were among the Native leaders arrested outside the White House on Indigenous Peoples Day Monday. During a peaceful demonstration, Native People demanded an end to fossil fuels and fracking, while urging President Biden to declare a declaration of climate emergency.

At the White House on Monday, Camp-Horinek said, “We are going to put our bodies on the line there. If we have to be arrested in order to call attention to what the crisis is and that we need a climate emergency declared, we’ll do that.”

Joye Braun, was among the first at Standing Rock in 2016, establishing the Water Protector Camps in North Dakota, and beginning a new wave of protecting the water and land from Dakota Access Pipeline, and other dangerous crude oil pipelines threatening water sources.

At the White House, Braun said, “Joe Biden, you have been making false promises. You stopped Keystone XL — what about DAPL, Line 5, MVP?”

“Biden has turned a fork tongue, and he needs to be held accountable to the promises he made to Indigenous nations when we helped elect him.”

“This is indigenous land. Indigenous peoples will be here for thousands of years. Biden, can you hear us now?”

After her arrest on Monday, Braun pointed out today, Tuesday, how police at the White House had treated Native people on Indigenous Peoples Day. She said White House police acted with racism to avoid arresting white allies.

"They responded differently to white people risking arrest," Joye said today live on Facebook, describing how police would usher white people away without arresting them on Tuesday.

Camp-Horinek testified before the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights in Jamaica in 2019, detailing the abuse of Native grandmothers in jail after their arrest at Standing Rock protecting the water. Casey showed the number written on her arm by North Dakota jailers, in the same way Nazis had done. Native grandmothers were denied their medications and jailed in dog kennel fencing in jail basements after being arrested while praying at Standing Rock.

At the White House on Monday, Camp-Horinek said, “There’s been 500 years of people coming into a territory where all things were interdependent and functioning to a time of crisis, where even Biden’s great-grandchildren won’t survive if something doesn’t change," she said.

DeSmog Blog reports that on Indigenous People’s Day, 136 people, including many Indigenous leaders opposing fossil fuel projects, were arrested in front of the White House in Washington, D.C.

It was the first in a five-day series of protests in the nation’s capitol organized by the Build Back Fossil Free coalition, made up of numerous environmental and social justice advocacy groups.

"Over the course of five days, thousands are expected to bring the message to Biden’s door that he must do more to protect the planet, and many demonstrators are coming prepared to participate in acts of civil disobedience, to make sure the President hears their message before next month’s COP26 climate summit in Glasgow, Scotland. These demonstrations, labeled People vs. Fossil Fuels, are being billed as a test for Biden," DeSmog Blog said.

Read the article at DeSmog Blog

People vs. Fossil Fuels

Below Listen: Joye Braun Speaks of Racist Police at White House Gate: Whites Ushered Away From Arrest Line. Joye is Cheyenne River Lakota from South Dakota.

Indigenous Issued Citations at White House on Indigenous Peoples Day: Halting Fossil Fuels


Casey Camp-Horinek, Ponca, led the march to the White House Today. Photo Washington Post.

Indigenous Peoples Day
Censored News
Oct. 11, 2011

WASHINGTON -- After bringing out at an LRAD sound blaster, White House police issued about 156 citations to Indigenous and allies in front of the White House today. They were released. They are in Washington this week to demand an end to fossil fuels and climate action.

Read more at Washington Post on today's action: 
https://www.washingtonpost.com/dc-md-va/2021/10/11/indigenous-protest-dc-climate-change/

Ready to be arrested on Indigenous Peoples Day at the White House.
Joye Braun, Cheyenne River Lakota, (centerfront) was among those who led the movement to protect the water at Standing Rock from Dakota Access Pipeline. Today, Water Protectors demand Biden halt fossil fuels and protect the land and water.
Monday, Oct. 11, 20212 noon hour update.
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One person was detained during the White House demonstration.

Photo credit Keri Pickett


Photo credit Keri Pickett

Twitter photo.


Twitter photo.

The Guardian live in Washington 

Democracy Now!
Red Nation's Jennifer Marley, San Ildefonso, describes how Indigenous Peoples Day is being co-opted, and how the oil industry has surged in New Mexico. She points out the need to protect Chaco Canyon and the U.S. atomic bomb production on her peoples land.

San Carlos Apache Actor and Activist Chesley Wilson, Sr., Passes to Spirit World


San Carlos Apache Actor and Activist Chesley Wilson, Sr., Passes to Spirit World

By Sandra Rambler
San Carlos Apache
Censored News

BYLAS, Arizona — A prestigious member of the San Carlos Apache Tribe 89-year-old Chesley Wilson, Sr., will be brought back to his home for viewing on Saturday, Oct. 16, 2021 from 6:00 a.m. to 11:00 a.m. followed by a traditional military style funeral at 11:00 a.m. at the Ernest Stanley Memorial Hall.

He was a member of the Screen Actor Guild (SAG) as an actor and played many roles. One of the famous roles he played was as an Indian Chief in the 2012 movie ”12 Years A Slave,” which received 9 Academy Award nominations and won for Best Picture, Best Screen Adaptation and Best Supporting Actress (Lupita Nyongo). The film was directed by Steve McQueen and Brad Pitt and filmed in New Orleans, Louisiana and grossed $187 million in profits.

The movie was about a black man Solomon Northrup who was kidnapped and sold as a slave which depicts a true story about what happened when he was kidnapped. On his way to a plantation after he was bought as a slave, they come across some First American Indians who are singing and praying and dancing. This is the scene and part which Chesley Wilson, Sr., plays as the Indian Chief. He later told tribal members about how he was taken into the area that was full of alligators in the swamp in Louisiana.

He also served in the U.S. Army and was honorably discharged and was an active member of the San Carlos Apache Veterans Association (SCAVETS).

He was also well known for his acclaimed talent in making handmade Apache Violins.
He was also an activist and spoke against the injustices to First American Indians. He had participated in the fight against the telescopes on Dzil Nchaa Sian (Mount Graham) and against the proposed mine at Chi’chil’bilda’goteel (Oak Flat).

Family members are encouraging attendees to wear their traditional Apache camp dresses and ribbon shirts. Immediately following the funeral, the burial will be at the Bylas Veterans Cemetery with full military honors.

Actors Chesley Wilson and Leonardo DiCaprio
Wilson's son Steve said, "This is Chesley Wilson Sr: San Carlos Apache.
He has parts in two Oscar award winning movies, 12 Years a Slave and The Revenant.

Actor Chesley Wilson, Sr.
Geronimo (1993 TV movie)
Buffalo Soldiers (1997 TV movie)
South of Heaven, West of Hell (2000 film)
Skinwalkers (2002 TV movie)
Rio de Oro (2010 film)
12 Years a Slave (2013 film)
The Revenant (2015 film)
Soundtrack[edit]
12 Years a Slave (performer)
The Revenant (songwriter and performer)

Revolutionary Conversations with Acoma and Isleta Elders: Red Nation's Native Liberation Conference

Isleta Chief Judge Verna Teller
"We have all been traumatized for the last 500 years. We all need to heal."

Maurus Chino, Acoma 
Petuuche Gilbert, Acoma

Revolutionary Conversations with Acoma and Isleta Elders

Webcast by Red Nation
Article by Brenda Norrell
Censored News

Red Nation's Jennifer Marley, San Ildefonso, talks with Acoma and Isleta elders, beginning with Maurus Chino, Acoma, speaking about efforts to expose the truth about the Spanish Conquistadors and their statues in New Mexico. The severing of the foot of the statue of the Conquistador Oñate was to illustrate the savagery of Oñate, known as The Butcher.

"You have to change yourself," Maurus Chino says of social change during Red Nation's Native Liberation Conference.