August 2020

Indigenous Peoples and Human Rights

Friday, March 9, 2012

Hopi Nation: Snowbowl expansion 'no significant economic impact''

Arizona Snowbowl’s Expansion Will Not Have a Measurable or Significant
Economic Impact on the Flagstaff Area

By Hopi Nation
Posted at Censored News
With French translation
KYKOTSMOVI, Ariz. – An economic analysis released by the Hopi Tribe and prepared by Bioeconomics, Inc. determined that the Arizona Snowbowl expansion and the availability of reclaimed wastewater for snowmaking will not provide a measureable or significant economic impact to the Flagstaff region’s economy. Despite contrary reports, impacts to the region’s economy based on the Snowbowl expansion are too trivial to have a statistically significant impact. The conclusions drawn in other reports are based on fallacious analyses of data that overstate the benefit to the region’s economy by at least 130%.
According to Bioeconomics, the analysis in reports that Arizona Snowbowl has relied on to garner support for its expansion incorrectly considered factors, such as expenditure impacts from local residents, which are not applicable to a regional economic analysis. “It is fundamental in these types of analyses not to include local residents’ expenditures because it does not represent an injection of new money into the region,” said PhD economist Dr. John Duffield of Bioeconomics. An article in the Journal of Travel Research concludes that the most frequent “mischievous error” in computing impacts to regional economics is to include impacts from local residents. his “mischievous error” is often made to inflate the results as the true impact of an enterprise on a region’s economy is too small to detect.
Bioeconomics estimate that this error inflates Snowbowl’s impact to the regional economics by at least 130%. For these same reasons, the Snowbowl expansion will also not provide a significant number of new jobs for the area’s economy. Arizona Snowbowl is simply too small of an enterprise to have any meaningful impact and it is statistically incorrect to claim that the Arizona Snowbowl provides a measureable benefit to the Flagstaff area’s economy.
Bioeconomics’ economic analysis demonstrates that even without the proposed expansion, based on the actual net income reported for Arizona Snowbowl in the EIS for years 1993-2003, which averaged $242,000 per year, Arizona Snowbowl is a stable enterprise with a present value of approximately $4 to $5 million. Arizona Snowbowl has received the value of its investment. It has existed as a ski area with variable annual returns but a net income stream since at least 1992 sufficient to support valuation of around $4 million – the price it paid. Arizona Snowbowl is currently a viable business operation and has survived in its current condition for twenty years. Bioeconomics’ analysis shows it is not true that Arizona Snowbowl is a failing business that needs to be rescued by the infusion of valuable public in support of such an ill-advised project.
The Bioeconomics’ report confirms what the Tribe has repeatedly asserted, the proposed expansion and use of reclaimed wastewater on a sacred place, the San Francisco Peaks, is not in the public’s best interest, particularly because the ski area is bounded by a designated wilderness area, the Kachina Peaks Wilderness. The proposed expansion will only provide small additional economic benefits to Snowbowl’s owners and to a small population consisting of the Snowbowl skier demographic that may want an extended ski season. The Flagstaff region will not realize any appreciable economic benefits and all of the costs will be borne by endangered species, threatened habitats, Indian Tribes, and the general public who value the purpose and uses for which the Kachina Peaks Wilderness Area was originally designated by the U.S. Congress.
Go to www.hopi-nsn.gov/news for full report (Economic Significance of Arizona Snowbowl to the Flagstaff and Coconino County, Arizona Regional Economy).

LA TRIBU HOPI AFFIRME: L’EXTENSION DE LA STATION ARIZONA SNOWBOWL N’AURA QU’UN IMPACT ECONOMIQUE INSIGNIFIANT POUR LA REGION DE FLAGSTAFF

Publié par Indigenous Action le 9 mars 2012

Traduction Christine Prat

Communiqué de presse de la Tribu Hopi :

L’extension de la station Arizona Snowbowl n’aura pas d’effet économique quantifiable ou significatif pour la région de Flagstaff
http://www.chrisp.lautre.net

Kykotsmovi, Arizona – Une analyse économique publiée par la Tribu Hopi et préparée par Bioeconomics, Inc. a montré que l’extension d’Arizona Snowbowl et l’apport d’eaux usées recyclées pour faire de la neige n’aura qu’un effet insignifiant et non quantifiable sur l’économie de la région de Flagstaff. En dépit de raports contraires, les effets pour l’économie de la région fondés sur l’extension de Snowbowl sont trop dérisoires pour avoir un impact statistiquement significatif. Les conclusions d’autres rapports sont fondées sur des analyses faussées qui surestiment les bénéfices pour l’économie de la région d’au moins 130%.
D’après Bioeconomics, les rapports sur lesquels la compagnie Arizona Snowbowl s’est appuyée pour obtenir des soutiens se fondent sur des analyses prenant abusivement en compte des facteurs, tels que les dépenses d’habitants de la région, qui ne s’appliquent pas à une analyse économique régionale. « Il est fondamental dans ce type d’analyses ne pas inclure les dépenses de la population locale vu que çà ne représente pas une injection d’argent frais dans la région » dit le Docteur en économie John Duffield de Bioeconomics. Un article du Journal of Travel Research conclut que l’ « erreur malveillante » la plus courante dans le calcul des impacts économiques régionaux est d’inclure l’impact de la population locale. Cette « erreur malveillante » est souvent commise pour gonfler les résultats, quand les véritables apports d’une entreprise à une région sont trop faibles pour être quantifiables.
Bioeconomics estime que cette erreur gonfle les effets de Snowbowl sur l’économie de la région d’au moins 130%. Pour les mêmes raisons, l’extension de Snowbowl n’apportera qu’un nombre négligeable de nouveaux emplois à l’économie locale. Arizona Snowbowl est tout simplement une entreprise trop petite pour avoir un impact significatif et il est statistiquement incorrect de prétendre qu’Arizona Snowbowl apporte des bénéfices tangibles à l’économie de la région de Flagstaff.
L’analyse de Bioeconomics montre que même sans l’expansion proposée, et en se fondant sur le revenu réel d’Arizona Snowbowl mentionné dans l’EIS pour les années 1993-2003, en moyenne 242000 dollars par an, Arizona Snowbowl est une entreprise stable d’une valeur de 4 à 5 millions de dollars. Arizona Snowbowl a récupéré la valeur de son investissement. C’est une station de ski avec un chiffre d’affaires annuel variable, mais, au moins depuis 1992, un revenu net suffisant pour estimer sa valeur à 4 millions – le prix qu’elle a payé. Arizona Snowbowl est actuellement une opération commerciale viable qui a pu survivre dans les conditions actuelles depuis vingt ans. L’analyse de Bioeconomics montre qu’il est faut d’affirmer qu’Arizona Snowbowl soit une entreprise en difficulté qui devrait être sauvée par l’injection de biens publiques précieux, pour soutenir un projet si mal conseillé.
Le rapport de Bioeconomics confirme ce que la Tribu a constamment affirmé, c’est-à-dire que l’expansion proposée et l’emploi d’eaux usées recyclées sur un lieu sacré, les Pics San Francisco, n’est pas dans l’intérêt du public, d’autant plus que la station de ski touche à une zone classée sauvage, la Kachina Peaks Wilderness. L’expansion proposée n’apportera que de petits bénéfices supplémentaires aux propriétaires de Snowbowl et quelques avantages à une petite partie de la population, les skieurs qui souhaiteraient un saison de ski plus longue. La région de Flagstaff ne réalisera aucun bénéfice économique appréciable et tous les coûts pèseront sur les espèces rares, la flore et la faune menacées, les Tribus Indiennes et le publique qui apprécie les buts et les usages pour lesquels la Kachina Peaks Wilderness Area (zone sauvage des pics Kachina) a été classée par le Congrès Américain.

Go to www.hopi-nsn.gov/news for full report (Economic Significance of Arizona Snowbowl to the Flagstaff and Coconino County, Arizona Regional Economy).


http://www.chrisp.lautre.net

Tucson Festival of Books features Native American and banned authors

Oh yes, people still read ...

By Brenda Norrell
Censored News
http://www.bsnorrell.blogspot.com

TUCSON -- The Tucson Festival of Books is this weekend, March 10-11, and brings together prolific and profound Native American writers, along with Chicano wordsmiths and authors banned by Tucson public schools.

Simon Ortiz, Acoma Pueblo, Ofelia Zepeda, Tohono O'odham, Sherwin Bitsui, Dine' and Irving Toddy, Dine' are among the authors featured this year. Latino author Luis Alberto Urrea is the highlighted writer of the festival and among those who was banned by Tucson Unified School District. In January, when Tucson schools district voted to forbid Mexican American Studies, the books of Urrea and others on the reading list of 50 authors were carted away and placed in a "depository" by Tucson school officials.

Urrea will keynote the annual Author's Table Dinner, tonight, Friday, March 9. Urrea's best-seller "Devil's Highway," a nonfiction account of Mexican immigrants lost in the Arizona desert, won the 2004 Lannan Literary Award and was a finalist for the Pulitzer Prize.

The Tucson Festival of Books on the University of Arizona campus includes special sessions with Native American authors, shown below, including panels focused on their inspiring poetry and children's book illustrations. Canyon Records presents musicians Aaron White and Anthony Wakeman on Saturday. See the full list of authors and events at: http://tucsonfestivalofbooks.org/author/list#N

There will be 400 to 450 authors in the Fourth Annual Tucson Festival of Books, including Pulitzer Prize winner Richard Russo, "That Old Cape Magic" and "Empire Falls." The prolific novelists  include T.C. Boyle, "When the Killing's Done," Alice Hoffman "The Dovekeepers" and Lisa See, "Dreams of Joy." There will also be 255 exhibitors' tents and booths. Most events are free and open to the public.

Simon Ortiz


Ortiz has been a writer and poet for more than 35 years. As one of the major voices in Indigenous American literature, he was among the first to be published as a contemporary writer of poetry and fiction. He has written more than 20 books, including "Beyond the Reach of Time and Change."

Sing: Poetry from Indigenous America

Solo Presentation / Sun 2:30 PM - 03:30 PM
Student Union - Kiva Room

Ofelia Zepeda


Zepeda, Regents’ Professor at the University of Arizona, is a member of the Tohono O’odham Nation. Her three books of poetry are "Ocean Power: Poems from the Desert," "Jewed I-hoi/Earth Movements" and "Where Clouds are Formed." She is the series editor of Sun Tracks, publisher of American Indian writers.

Layers of Knowing
Panel / Sun 11:30 AM - 12:30 PM
Student Union - Kiva Room

Sing: Poetry from Indigenous America

Solo Presentation / Sun 2:30 PM - 03:30 PM
Student Union - Kiva Room


Sherwin Bitsui

Bitsui is the recipient of a 2006 Whiting Writers’ Award, a 2008 Tucson MOCA Local Genius Award and a 2010 American Book Award for "Flood Song" from the Before Columbus Foundation.

Sing: Poetry from Indigenous America

Solo Presentation / Sun 2:30 PM - 03:30 PM
Student Union - Kiva Room

Irving Toddy

Toddy comes from a family of weavers, silversmiths and painters. He has illustrated several children's books, including "Cheyenne Again," "Bird Talk," "D is for Drum" and "Desert Digits." He is also recognized for his work on illustrating the history of the Navajo Tribe.

Illustrating with Authenticity: Views of Native American Art
Children/Youth Workshop
Workshop / Sun 11:30 AM - 12:30 PM
Education Building - Room 351

Native Artists and Their Art * cent *
Panel / Sun 2:30 PM - 03:30 PM
Student Union - Santa Rita Room

Illustrating with Authenticity: Views of Native American Art


Children/Youth Workshop

When: Sunday 11:30 AM - 12:30 PM
Where: Education Building - Room 351
Genre: Workshops

Authors

Irving Toddy
S.D. Nelson


Native American Traditional Tales: Lessons for Life


When: Sunday 1:00 PM - 2:00 PM
Where: Education Building - Room 349
Genre: Children/Youth

Authors

Delphina Nova
Loren R. Russell
S.D. Nelson


Native Artists and Their Art * cent *


When: Sunday 2:30 PM - 3:30 PM
Where: Student Union - Santa Rita Room
Genre: History/Biography/Memoir

Authors

Vera Marie Badertscher
Irving Toddy
Barbara Chana


Canyon Records Presents: Aaron White and Anthony Wakeman

Etched in the Native traditions of Mother Earth, the music of Aaron White (Navajo/Ute) and Anthony Wakeman (Pottawatomi/Lakota) call to the heart and soul of all life. Like a cascade of water trickling through canyons mixed with winds swirling up from the prairies, the sounds of acoustic guitar and cedar flute summon inner calm and quiet strength.

When: Saturday 12:30 PM - 1:30 PM
Where: Western National Parks Association: National Parks Pavilion
Genre: Current Events/Pop Culture

BANNED BY TUCSON PUBLIC SCHOOLS

FEATURED: Luis Alberto Urrea
Urrea's best-seller "Devil's Highway," a nonfiction account of Mexican immigrants lost in the Arizona desert, won the 2004 Lannan Literary Award and was a finalist for the Pulitzer Prize. Urrea is also the author of "The Hummingbird's Daughter." His most recent novel is "Queen of America."
Queen of America: A Conversation with Luis Alberto Urrea
Solo Presentation / Sat 10:00 AM - 11:00 AM
Nuestras Raíces Performance Stage
Early Arizona Story and History * cent *
Panel / Sun 10:00 AM - 11:00 AM
Integrated Learning Center - Room 120
History, Faith and Fiction
Panel / Sat 11:30 AM - 12:30 PM
Integrated Learning Center - Room 120
Borderlands * cent *
Multi Genre - Lit/Fiction/Mystery
Panel / Sun 2:30 PM - 03:30 PM
UA Mall Tent

Red Ink 'Native Nations Water Rights Symposium' Tucson

Bios:
Debra White Plume (Lakota) is an American Indian Movement (AIM) activist and an independentconsultant for the reorganization of federally funded programs on the PineRidge Reservation. As Executive Director of Owe Aku (Bring Backthe Way), a non-profit environmental organization, Debra fights to protectNative resources and provides conservation training for youth. She facilitatesthe Lakota Media Project collaboration with Prairie Dust Films. Debra is adelegate for the United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues. Recently, Debra has worked on the front lines of halting construction of the Keystone Pipeline, and works to create awareness to the tar sands issue from an Indigenous perspective.
Simon Ortiz is generally recognized by critics and scholars of American Indian literature as one of the mostnotable writers of the "Native American renaissance" of the 1960s and1970s. Most famous for his poetry, Ortiz also has written many short stories,essays and children's books.
Ortiz, a full-blooded NativeAmerican, was raised in the Acoma village of McCarty's, and spokeonly Acoma at home. His interest in the culture and history of his peoplepropelled him to a career of writing. After graduating with an MFA from the University of Iowa, he supported his writing byteaching Native American literature and creative writing at San Diego State,the Institute of American Indian Arts, Navajo Community College, Marin College, the University of New Mexico, the Sinte Gleska College, andthe Universityof Toronto. Ortiz'early writings reflect his nomadic life, with recurring images of bus depots,airports, and subway stations in his poetry of this period recording ademanding schedule of lecture tours and speaking engagements.
Ortiz also served as lieutenantgovernor of the Pueblo ofAcoma andconsulting editor of the Pueblo of Acoma Press.
Among the awards he has won arethe NationalEndowment for the Arts Discovery Award (1969), the White House Salute to Poetry HonoredPoet Award (1981), a Pushcart Prize (for From Sand Creek)(1981), the New Mexico Humanities Council Humanitarian Award (1989), and the Wordcraft CircleWriter of the Year (Anthology/Collection) Award (for Speaking forGenerations) (2000).

Save the Peaks files federal petition to protect San Francisco Peaks March 9, 2012

March 9, 2012          
Contact: Howard Shanker (480) 838-9300
howard@shankerlaw.net
By Save the Peaks
Censored News

Save the Peaks Coalition et al. File Petition for Ninth Circuit Rehearing en banc.
Plaintiffs Insist Health Hazards of Ingestion of 'Sewage Snow' on San Francisco Peaks Not Adequately Addressed by US Forest Service.
In a petition filed Friday, March 9, 2012 individual citizens and Save the Peaks Coalition volunteers are asking for adequate consideration of human health concerns by the US Forest Service in the use of reclaimed sewer water to make snow. The case asserts that under the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) and the Administrative Procedure Act, the Forest Service failed to adequately consider the impacts associated with ingestion of snow made from reclaimed sewer water in its federally mandated environmental review process.

The adequacy of the federal government’s consideration of this “ingestion” issue before approving the use of reclaimed sewer water to make snow at the Snowbowl ski area was actually considered twice by the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals.  The first time, the court ruled that the Forest Service failed to consider the impacts associated with people ingesting snow made from reclaimed sewer water.   The second time, based on the same facts and same law, a panel of three different judges recently rendered a decision that was completely contrary to the first decision. 
According to Howard Shanker, the attorney for the Save the Peaks Coalition and formerly the attorney for a number of Indian Tribes and environmental organizations on this issue, “The Save the Peaks Coalition filed a petition for rehearing to ask the Ninth Circuit to reconsider this case – in light of the myriad conflicts and inconsistencies the latest panel decision has with Ninth Circuit precedent.  The fact, however, that we can have two panels of the Ninth Circuit issue completely contradictory rulings based on the same law and the same facts, does not say much for our current system of justice.  The fact that the federal government is championing the use of reclaimed sewer water, despite the potential risks to public health and safety, on a site that is sacred and holy to 13 of the tribes in the southwestern United States does not say much for the federal government’s values and priorities.”
“Unfortunately for all of us who love spending time on the top of our highest Arizona mountain, potential risks to our human and environmental health have been overlooked by the US Forest Service.”  states Rachel Tso, plaintiff and Save the Peaks Coalition volunteer.  “We filed this suit to seek to remedy this, and we continue to strive to have these issues adequately addressed.   I believe if the full court can have the opportunity to consider the full merits of the case they will affirm that the request of further investigation is reasonable.”
Plaintiff Don Fanning  adds "Our lawyer has handled the case entirely pro bono. This litigation is about human and environmental health--- not money. However, in pursuing procedural issues, the court has all but ignored the likelihood of people falling in reclaimed sewer snow and swallowing it or children deliberately eating it. USFS documents list only some of the known chemicals or pathogens in treated sewer water without understanding or presenting means of mitigating their long term effects. It is my right and my duty as an informed citizen to use all available legal recourses to protect my family and others from what amounts to an experiment by the USFS on ill-informed human beings."
Rachel Tso concluded with, “I am concerned for the children and families who could come in contact with the contaminants in this frozen treated effluent in ways never before experienced in the world.  I’m also particularly troubled about the Snow Bowl employees who will have prolonged exposure to it.  We do not know if there will be any effects, but I believe our forest service owes it to all of us to adequately consider it before giving a corporation carte blanche to do what they want on our public lands.”