The Mohawk Mothers filed at Montreal Superior Court on August 25, 2022 all the evidence for their demand for an interlocutory injunction to stop excavation of unmarked graves of children and disturbance of archeological remains of kahnienkehaka/Mohawks on tekanontak [Mount Royal Montreal]. Indigenous children and other test subjects were experimented upon in the 1950s and 1960s. More than 140 exhibits (affidavits, archives, scholar articles, newspaper clippings, drawings, pictures, maps, aerial photos, testimonies of witnesses, survivor statements, government reports, doctor correspondence, Phd. dissertations, book chapters government files,) support their position. On August 31 the opponents [McGill University, Royal Victoria Hospital, Allan Memorial Institute, McGill University Health Centre, City of Montreal, Quebec government, and Minister of Justice Canada] are challenging the right of the Mohawk Mothers to represent themselves. At the same time McGill threatens to excavate the unmarked graves and archeological remains before the hearing on October 26 to avoid an investigation of the archeological remains which their own institutions acknowledge as highly probable.
PLAINTIFF’S LIST OF EXHIBITS WITH RESPECT TO THEIR APPLICATION FOR AN INTERLOCUTORY INJUNCTION
Exhibit P-1kaianerehko:wa/ Great Law of Peace Wampum 44 – women as progenitors of the soil. The Inherent Right of the Haudenosaunee to Criminal Justice Jurisdiction in Canada: a Premilinary Inquiry. Ph D Thesis, Michael R Cousins, School of Criminology, Simon Fraser University. 2003, p.163.
Exhibit P-2Ville de Montréal, Sommaire décisionnel file no. 1217400001.
Exhibit P-3Land Rights : A Global Solution. Six Nations Lands & Resources Department. 2019.
Exhibit P-4Silver Covenant Chain, nation-to-nation relationship with the British Crown.
Exhibit P-5Recommandations. Site de l’hôpital Royal Victoria, étude de potentiel archéologique. Arkéos. 2016, pp. 71-72.
Exhibit P-6Testimony from MK-Ultra survivor Lana Ponting, October 6, 2021.
Exhibit P-7MK-Ultra experiments on children. British Journal of Psychiatry 167. 1995, pp. 264-264.
Exhibit P-8Nutritional experiments in Indian Residential Schools. Statement of Claim. Jean John Baptiste Pambrun vs. The Attorney General of Canada, Court of Queen’s Bench for Saskatchewan, Court File Number QBG 1359/18, pp. 7-13.
Exhibit P-9Research for the mentally ill. La Patrie, December 30, 1953.
Exhibit P-10Human remains found in the pigsty near St-Jean-de-Dieu hospital, in Montreal. Journal de Montréal. May 11, 1999
Exhibit P-11Electroshock torture practiced on children in Fort Albany’s St Anne’s Residential School. The Globe and Mail, October 21 1996.
Exhibit P-12Zone allegedly containing unmarked graves. Geoview Pro
Exhibit P-13Letters from the SQI to the Band Councils of Kahnawake and Kanehsatake. November 9, 2021
Exhibit P-14Synthèse de l’encadrement réglementaire, by the Arrondissement de Ville- Marie, Ville de Montréal, August 2021.
Exhibit P-15Statement of Dr. Richard Lloyd Letkeman, M.D., regarding the mental health of Lana Ponting. Sunshine Medical Clinique. Winnipeg, Manitoba. July 13, 2022.
Exhibit P-16Letter from family members of survivors of the MK ULTRA experiments to the City of Montreal. July 13, 2022.
Exhibit P-17“Executive summary”, “Chapter 2: Operational policies and custodial care” and “Burial policies and practices”. Canada’s Residential Schools: Missing Children and Unmarked Burials. The Final Report of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada, Volume 4, pp. 1-12, 35-47, 118-123.
Exhibit P-18“Ottawa Studies Brain Washing”, The Gazette, January 17, 1955.
Exhibit P-19Project Mk-Ultra, the CIA’s Program of Research in Behavioral Modification. Joint Hearing Before the Select Committee on Intelligence and the Subcommittee on Health and Scientific Research of the Committee on Human Resources. United States Senate. 59th Congress., First Session. August 3, 1977. pp. 1-8.
Exhibit P-20Julie Tanny vs. Royal Victoria Hospital et al. Re-amended Application to Authorize the Bringing of a Class Action. Montreal Superior Court File NO: 500-06-000972-196.
Exhibit P-21Correspondence between the Quebec minister of Health, the Allan Memorial Institute and the Royal Victoria Hospital about the Provincial card reporting system. Fonds Ministère de la Santé et des Services Sociaux.
Exhibit P-22Request for information A-2022-02989 at Libraries and Archives Canada, Philippe Blouin. June 23, 2022.
Exhibit P-23Email exchange with the Centre Intégré Universitaire de Santé et de Services Sociaux de l’Ouest-de-l’Île-de-Montréal. July 18, 2022.
Exhibit P-24Email exchange with the Centre Intégré Universitaire de Santé et de Services Sociaux de l’Est-de-l’Île-de-Montréal. June 3, 2022.
Exhibit P-25Email exchange with Libraries and Archives Canada regarding Clifford Scott Fonds. May 14, 2022.
Exhibit P-26Access condition: Waredale House, National Archives of Canada.
Exhibit P-27Cecile Hardy and Cecil Hardy vs. The Attorney General of Canada. Fresh as Amended Statement of Claim. Federal Court of Canada File NO: T-143-18
Exhibit P-28“1 – The Coming into Force of the Act”. The Act to authorize the communication of personal information to the families of Indigenous children who went missing or died after being admitted to an institution, Secrétariat aux affaires autochtones in collaboration with the Direction des communication, April 2022, pp. 1-10.
Exhibit P-29“Ravenscrag cédé à l’hôpital Royal Victoria”. La Patrie, November 11, 1940.
Exhibit P-30Letter from Dr. Ewen Cameron to Dr. Cyril James, June 3, 1943.
Exhibit P-31Curriculum Vitae of Donald Ewen Cameron. McGill archives.
Exhibit P-321949 Budget – Department of Psychiatry, McGill University
Exhibit P-33“Opinion of George Cooper, Q.C., Regarding Canadian Government Funding of the Allan Memorial Institute in the 1950’s and 1960’s”, Minister of Supply and Services Canada. 1986. pp. 1-50.
Exhibit P-35Eric Oosenburg, 2020. “4. Activities of the new Department of Psychology under William Tait, 1924-1935” and “Chapter Five: Between Brain and Body – The Legacy of Hebbian Neuropsychology”, In Building a ‘Cross-roads Discipline at McGill University: a History of Early Experimental Psychology in Postwar Canada, pp. 40-52, 190-204.
Exhibit P-36Ewen Cameron, J.G. Lohrenz, and K.A. Handcock. 1962. “The Depatterning Treatment of Schizophrenia”, Comprehensive Psychiatry 3 (2): 65-76.
Exhibit P-37Ewen Cameron, Leonard Levy, Thomas Ban, and Leonard Rubenstein. 1961 “Sensory Deprivation: Effects upon the Functioning Human in Space Systems”, in Bernard E. Flaherty, ed., Psychophysiological Aspects of Space Flight. New York, pp. 225-237.
Exhibit P-38Letters Between Donald Hebb and the Canadian Defence Research Board, 1952-1953. https://tsd.naomiklein.org/files/resources/pdfs/hebb.pdf, accessed August 20, 2022.
Exhibit P-39Ewen Cameron and S.K. Pende. January 1, 1958. “Treatment of the Chronic Paranoid Schizophrenic Patient”. Can
Exhibit P-40Yvan Prkachin. 2021. “Two Solitudes: Wilder Penfield, Ewen Cameron, and the Search for a Better Lobotomy”. Canadian Bulletin of Medical History 38 (2): 253-284.
Exhibit P-41“Wilder Graves Penfield, M.D.”. https://www.mcgill.ca/neuro/wilder-graves-penfield-md, accessed August 9, 2022
Exhibit P-42Donald O. Hebb. 1939. “Intelligence in Man after Large Removals of Cerebral Tissue: Report of Four Left Frontal Lobe Cases”. The Journal of General Psychology 21 (1): 73-87.
Exhibit P-43Ruth Hoyt. 1952. Table of contents and Acknowledgements. In Intelligence in Schizophrenic Patients with Lobotomy, PhD Dissertation, Doctor of Philosophy, McGill University, pp. i-vi.
Exhibit P-44Report to Rockefeller Foundation from the Department of psychiatry, McGill University. 1949-1954. McGill University Archives RG2 C.243 ACC641 Ref636.
Exhibit P-45Brianne M. Collins. 2020. “Chapter 2. No Longer ‘the Cinderella of Medicine’: Psychiatric Identity and the Introduction of Somatic Therapies in the 1930s. In Uncharted Territory: Psychosurgery in Western Canada, 1935 -1970. PhD dissertation, Department of Psychology, University of Calgary, pp. 67-80.
Exhibit P-46Robert A. Cleghorn. “E.C.T., L.S.D and the C.I.A”, Summary of AMI Controversy, GA3, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Archives.
Exhibit P-47“Proposed alterations to part of the A.M.I. Stable to be used for Movie Photography”. 25 February, 1959. McGill Archives.
Exhibit P-48“Laboratory for Experimental Therapeutics. List of total personnel in Laboratory”. February 1957. McGill Archives.
Exhibit P-49Letter from Ewen Cameron to Cyril James, June 14, 1957. McGill Archives
Exhibit P-50“Draft of Proposal for the Establishment of a Pilot Centre for Juvenile Delinquency”, and letter from Bruno Cormier to Ewen Cameron. 1963. McGill Archives.
Exhibit P-51University Centre for Criminology, plans and correspondence. 1956-1960. McGill Archives
Exhibit P-52Correspondence between Ewen Cameron and Bruno Cormier, February 20, 1959. McGill Archives
Exhibit P-53Geraint B. Osborne. 2006. “Scientific Experimentation on Canadian Inmates, 1955 to 1975”. The Howard Journal 45 (3): 284-306.
Exhibit P-54Rapport annuel au Commissaire des pénitenciers, 1958-1959, pp. 1-19, 93-100, 211-216. https://www.publicsafety.gc.ca/lbrr/archives/csc-arcp-1958-1959-eng.pdf, accessed August 12, 2022.
Exhibit P-55Ewen Cameron and Bruno Cormier, note on Services Conference, October 25, 1962. McGill Archives.
Exhibit P-56Proposed World Mental Health Research Institute”, McGill Archives.
Exhibit P-57Alastair MacLeod. “La Clinique du mieux-être”. L’Action Catholique – Québec, September 18, 1955, pp.7-8.
Exhibit P-58“Une institution pour les jeunes malades mentaux”, La Presse, May 4, 1951.
Exhibit P-59“Centre de recherches pour maladies mentales”, La Patrie, December 30, 1953.
Exhibit P-60“Étude sur l’adolescence subventionnée par Ottawa”, La Patrie, June 9, 1955.
Exhibit P-61“Une étude sur l’adolescence”, La Presse, June 9, 1955.
Exhibit P-62“Enfants difficiles”, Le Droit, November 28, 1956.
Exhibit P-64Heinz Lehmann, T.A. Ban, and J.J. Lorenz. 1961. “Observations on the Action of Sernyl – A New Psychotropic Drug”, Canadian Psychiatric Association Journal 6 (3): 150-157.
Exhibit P-65Program of the Regional Research Conference of the American Psychiatric Association, McGill University, December 4-5, 1953.
Exhibit P-66Lauretta Bender, Lothar Goldshmidt and Siva Sankar. “Treatment of autistic schizophrenic children with LSD-25 and UML-491”. 1961. Recent Advances in Biological Psychiatry 4: 170-179.
Exhibit P-67Gloria Menard. 1996. “Preface” In Anne MacLennan. Red Feather in Montreal. Red Feather Foundation, pp. i-x.
Exhibit P-68Krista Maxwell. 2011. “Chapter 3 From Mental Hygiene to Family Healing: Mental Health Professionals, Aboriginal Parenting and Indigenous Resistance”. In Making History Heal: Settler-Colonialism and Urban
Indigenous Healing in Ontario, 1970s-2010. PhD dissertation, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, 2011.
Exhibit P-69“Research memorandum concerning Family Health, Adolescent Roles and Mental Health”. McGill Archives. April 2, 1954.
Exhibit P-70Emmanuel Delille. 2018. “Eric Wittkower and the foundation of Montréal’s Transcultural Psychiatry Research Unit after World War II”. History of Psychiatry 29 (3): 282-296.
Exhibit P-71David H. Price. 2016. Cold War Anthropology. The CIA, the Pentagon and the Growth of Dual Use. Durham and London: Duke University Press.
Exhibit P-72Raymond H. Prince. 2000. “Transcultural Psychiatry: Personal Experiences and Canadian Perspectives”. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry 45: 431-437.
Exhibit P-73H.B.M. Murphy. 1969. “Ethnic Variations in Drug Response: Results of an International Survey”. Transcultural Psychiatry 6 (1): 5-23.
Exhibit P-74H.B.M. Murphy. 1974. “Theories of Youth Unrest in Cross-Cultural Perspective”. Australia and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry 8: 31-40.
Exhibit P-75Wallace E. Lambert, Eva Libman, and Ernest G. Poser. 1960. “The effect of increased salience of a membership group on pain tolerance”. Journal of Personality 28: 350–357.
Exhibit P-76Ernest G. Poser, George W. Fenton and Leila Scotton. 1965. “The classical conditioning of sleep and wakefulness” Behaviour Research and Therapy 3 (4): 259-264.
Exhibit P-77Wallace E. Lambert and Yosh Taguchi. 1956. “Ethnic Cleavage Among Young Children”. The Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 53 (3): 380–382.
Exhibit P-78E. David Sherman. 1943. “Sensivity to Pain (With an Analysis of 450 Cases). Canadian Medical Association Journal 48 (5): 437-441.
Exhibit P-79Barbara Wainrib and Joan Rothman, under the supervision of H.B.M. Murphy. A Look at the Children of Caughnawaga. Paper presented at the Services Conference – May 23, 1963, Allan Memorial Institute.
Exhibit P-80Minutes of the Panel on Indian Research. Library and Archives Canada, RG10, vol 6036.
Exhibit P-81Stanley Brice Frost.1984. “Chapter 6: Developments Between the Wars”. In McGill University: For the Advancement of Learning, Volume II, 1895-1971. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, pp. 139–186.
Exhibit P-82Correspondence about the Panel on Indian Research. Library and Archives Canada, December 15, 1947. file 150-144 and RG10, vol 8618, File 1 1-15-1.
Exhibit P-83G.H. Turner and D.J. Penfold. 1952. “The Scholastic Aptitude of the Indian Children of the Caradoc Reserve.” Canadian Journal of Psychology/Revue canadienne de psychologie 6 (1): 31–44.
Exhibit P-84Hugh Shewell. 2001. ” ‘What Makes the Indian Tick?’ The Influence of Social Sciences on Canada’s Indian Policy, 1947-1964″. Histoire Sociale/Social History 34 (67): 133-167.
Exhibit P-85R.A. Farmer. Letter to Ross Macdonald, May 17, 1950. Library and Archives Canada, Indian Affairs School Files, RG10, vol 6036, File 150-144, part 1.
Exhibit P-86Fred Voget. 1951. “Acculturation at Caughnawaga: A Note on the Native-Modified Group”. American Anthropologist 53 (2): 220-231.
Exhibit P-87Oswald Hall. 1949. “The Use of Sampling Procedures and Role Theory in Sociological Research”. The Canadian Journal of Economics and Political Science 15 (1): 1-13.
Exhibit P-88Joan Eleanor Kabayama. 1958. “Outline”. Educational Retardation Among Non-Roman Catholic Indians at Oka. Masters dissertation, Department of Education, McGill University, pp. 1-9.
Exhibit P-89Ian Mosby. 2013. “Administering Colonial Science: Nutrition Research and Human Biomedical Experimentation in Aboriginal Communities and Residential Schools, 1942-1952” Histoire sociale / Social History, XLVI (91): 145-172.
Exhibit P-90Jonathan Turner. 2012. “Chapter 3.7: The Program” The Defence Research Board of Canada, 1947 to 1977. PhD dissertation, Institute for the History and Philosophy of Science and Technology. University of Toronto, pp. 84-113.
Exhibit P-91Shane Wiseman. 2017. “Chapter 3: Funding Defence Research and Development.” Matthew The Science of Defence: Security, Research, and the North in Cold War Canada. PhD dissertation, Department of History, Wilfrid Laurier University, pp. 121-157.
Exhibit P-92Rod Mickleburgh. “Ruling upheld in ‘deplorable’ case of abuse by therapist”. The Globe and Mail, April 19, 2003.
Exhibit P-93Matthew S. Wiseman. 2015. “Unlocking the ‘Eskimo Secret’: Defence Science in the Cold War Canadian Arctic, 1947–1954”. Journal of the Canadian Historical Association 26 (1): 191-223.
Exhibit P-94Matthew Farish. 2013. “The Lab and the Land: Overcoming the Arctic in Cold War Alaska”. Isis 104 (1): 1-29.
Exhibit P-95Kieran Oudshoorn. “Inuit in Canada’s Eastern Arctic Speak Out about Skin Grafts Done Without Consent in 1970s. CBC news. May 14, 2019.
Exhibit P-96Robert A. Cleghorn. 1990. “The McGill Experience of Robert A. Cleghorn, MD: Recollections of D. Ewen Cameron”. CBMH/BCHM 7: 53-76.
Exhibit P-97J.W. Thomas, Margaret A. Stuckey, H.S. Robinson, J.P. Gofton, D.O. Anderson and J.N. Bell. 1964. “Blood Groups of the Haida Indians”. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 22: 189-192.
Exhibit P-98Letter from the Regional Direction of Medical Services, Northern Region. May 31, 1967. Library and Archives Canada.
Exhibit P-99Library and Archives Canada, School File Series, Indian Affairs, RG10, vol 6258, file 576-10, part 8.
Exhibit P-100A.A. Foster. 1943. “ESP Tests with American Indian Children. A Comparison of Methods”. The Journal of Parapsychology 7 (2): 94-103.
Exhibit P-101Tyler Clarke. “Brandon sanatorium named in lawsuit filed on behalf on ‘Indian Hospital’ patients”. The Brandon Sun, February 3, 2018.¸
Exhibit P-102Donna Carreiro. “‘Our people were experimented on’: Indigenous sanatorium survivors recall medical tests”. CBC News, September 22, 2017.
Exhibit P-103“Insane Indians”, Department of Indian Affairs, August 9, 1933. Library and Archives Canada.
Exhibit P-104“Services for the Care of Mentally Defective Persons in Canada”, Department of National Health and Welfare, Letter to the Direction of Indian Health Services, September 28, 1956. Library and Archives Canada.
Exhibit P-105“Memorandum”. Deputy Superintendant General, June 9, 1936. Library and Archives Canada.
Exhibit P-106Library and Archives Canada. RG29 Vol 333 File 436-3-4 – Mental Health – Administration- consultant services, Indian Health Services
Exhibit P-107Mental Illness in Indians. Letter from P.E. Moore, Director of Indian and Northern Health Services, May 7, 1956. Library and Archives Canada.
Exhibit P-108“Indian and Northern Health Services 1956”. Annual Report for the Fiscal Year Ended March 31, 1957. The Department of National Health and Welfare, pp. 76-93.
Exhibit P-109Mentally Ill Eskimos. Letter from John S. Willis, M.D., D.P.H, to the Regional Superintendent of the Eastern Region, November 3, 1955. Library and Archives Canada.
Exhibit P-110Minutes of the fifth meeting of the Committee on Eskimo Affairs held on November 29th, 1954. Library and Archives Canada.
Exhibit P-111List of hospitals and affiliated N.A. & N.R. Officers, Library and Archives Canada.
Exhibit P-112Letter from Paul Martin, the Minister of National Health and Welfare, April 1, 1955. Library and Archives Canada.
Exhibit P-113Press Release, Indian Health Survey, James Bay. October 28, 1947. Library and Archives Canada.
Exhibit P-114Letter from Indian Health Services officer Leroux to social worker Fortin, April 5, 1952. Library and Archives Canada.
Exhibit P-115The Indian Act and its Amendments. S.C. 1951, c. 29, pp. 351-352. https://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2017/aanc-inac/R5-158-2-1978-eng.pdf, accessed August 15, 2022.
Exhibit P-116Joan Sangster. 2002. “She Is Hostile to Our Ways”: First Nations Girls Sentenced to the Ontario Training School for Girls, 1933-1960″. Law and History Review 20 (1): 59-96.
Exhibit P-117Robert Menzies and Ted Palys. 2006. “Turbulent Spirits: Aboriginal Patients in the British Columbia Psychiatric System, 1879–1950”. In David Wright and James E. Moran (eds.), Mental health and Canadian society historical perspectives. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, pp. 149-175.
Exhibit P-118Nadia Kanani. 2011. “Race and Madness: Locating the experiences of Racialized People with Psychiatric Histories in Canada and the United States.” Critical Disability Discourses 3. Retrieved from
https://cdd.journals.yorku.ca/index.php/cdd/article/view/31564, accessed August 14, 2022.
Exhibit P-119“Chapter 5: Medical and Hospital Services”. Annual Report for the Fiscal Year Ended March 31, 1951. The Department of National Health and Welfare. 1951, pp. 62-66.
Exhibit P-120Project 35: Study of Lobotomy in Schizophrenia. Restricted file R1183, RG38, vol 340, no 35. Library and Archives Canada.
Exhibit P-121A.O. Bernstein. 1976. “The significance of reports of mercury in various body tissues”, Circumpolar health: proceedings of the 3rd international symposium, Yellowknife, NWT. pp. 650-663.
Exhibit P-122Arrêté en Conseil, chambre du Conseil exécutif, no. 816, August 1954.
Exhibit P-123“Justice At Last? The Duplessis Orphans Scandal”. AMI Magazine, February 16, 2011, pp. 48-55.
Exhibit P-124“Le Cimetière oublié des Orphelins de Duplessis”. Le Journal de Montréal, May 11, 1999.
Exhibit P-125Insurance Plan Maps, December 1957, Ville de Montréal
Exhibit P-126Patrimoine Montréal. Énoncé de l’intérêt patrimonial. Site de l’Institut Allan Memorial (ancienne villa Ravenscrag)., 29 août 2019.
Exhibit P-127Your Pocket Guide to the New Royal Victoria Hospital, 1955.
Exhibit P-128Viewpoints and urban profiles of the Allan Memorial Institute and the Royal Victoria Hospital. August 2022.
Exhibit P-129City of Montreal Aerial photos and Google Earth snaphots of the Royal Victoria Hospital and Allan Memorial Institute throughout history.
Exhibit P-130Photographs of the Allan Memorial Institute and Ravenscrag gardens, November 2021.
Exhibit P-131“Chapter 6. Determination of Archeological Potential”. Royal Victoria Hospital Archaeological Potential Study. Arkeos and Decasult. 2016, pp. 63-72.
Exhibit P-132Donovan King, “Indigenous Burial Sites on the Mountain and Beyond”, August 2022.
Exhibit P-133Mathieu Sossoyan. Sacred but Forgotten: Prehistoric Burials on the Island of Montreal. Powerpoint Presentation. 2014.
Exhibit P-134Karonhianoron. “A Critique of the Arkeos Report”. August 10, 2022.
Exhibit P-135Brief presented by the Kanien’kehá:ka Kahnistensera (Mohawk Mothers) to the Office de consultation publique de Montréal, November 10, 2021.
Exhibit P-136Letter from the Société québécoise des infrastructures to the Mohawk Council of Kahnawake, November 9, 2021.
Exhibit P-137Samir Shaheen-Hussain. 2020. “Chapter 9. Cruel Treatment: Indian Hospitals, Sanatoria, and Skin Grafting”. In Fighting for a Hand to Hold: Confronting Medical Colonialism against Indigenous Children in Canada. McGill-Queen’s University Press, pp.150-178.
Exhibit P-138Alisa R. Lombard. “Mistreatment & Violence Against Women During Reproductive Care, With Focus on Childbirth – RE: Forced Sterilization of Indigenous Women in Canada”. Letter to Dubravka Šimonović, Special Rapporteur on Violence against Women, OHCHR-UNOG. May 17, 2019.
Exhibit P-139Dr. Kisha Supernant, Director, Institute of Prairie and Indigenous Archaeology. “Overview of Technologies for Searching for Human Remains and Unmarked Graves”. Prepared for the kahnistensera – Mohawk Mothers. August 2022.
Exhibit P-140JAllore. “Tales from The Douglas Psychiatric Institute for the Insane / WKT5 #18”. Podcast. October 19, 2021. https://theresaallore.com/2021/10/19/tales-from-the-douglas-psychiatric-institute-for-the-insane-wkt5-18/, accessed August 18, 2022.
Exhibit p-141Facebook post by Ian Lafrenière, Quebec Minister Responsible for Indigenous Affairs, July 29, 2022.