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Indigenous Peoples and Human Rights

Monday, January 26, 2015

Boarding School Tribunal releases findings and recommendations

Boarding School Tribunal 2014 by Brenda Norrell
Article and photos by Brenda Norrell
Censored News
Dutch translation by Alice Holemans, NAIS
French translation by Christine Prat

GREEN BAY, Wisconsin -- The Truth Commissioners of the Indigenous Peoples Boarding School Tribunal held here in October have released the findings and recommendations, following three days of testimony by those who survived abuse and torture in Indian boarding schools in the US and Canada. 

The abuse included kidnapping children from their homes and ripping away their language, culture and traditional religion. These boarding schools created generations of trauma for Native families. The exact number of Native children raped and murdered in these boarding schools is not known.

The Commissioners findings stated that the US government should implement the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples in the US. Further, it was found that the US government should acknowledge the human rights violations, which occurred through the boarding schools established by the US government.

The US government should work for a new International Convention on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, collaborating with the Indigenous communities across the US and ratify the Convention on the Rights of the Child, Commissioners said.

The Commissioners recommended consultative status between the Indigenous communities and the US government. It was also recommended that the Convention on the Rights of the Child be ratified by sovereign, Indigenous nations throughout the United States.

The commissioners recommended that young people, youths to 25 year-olds, be involved in the process of truth-telling and remembrance. Elders were encouraged to not only share their boarding school experiences, but also their stories of resilience, courage, and drive to overcome the challenges they faced.

It was also recommended that a memorial date be set to honor and pay tribute to those individuals who were a part of the boarding schools and who faced discrimination, violence, and even death.

Oral history projects and similar Tribunals should be coordinated to gather stories of boarding school impacts in other Indigenous communities across the US. 

The findings include the need to publish a joint testimony including the stories from all Indigenous tribes in the US about the impact of boarding schools on their human rights.

Truth Commission Members were Fasoha (Maldives) , Aneeta Aahooja (Pakistan), Abalo Assih (Togo), Shiran Gooneratne (Sri Lanka), Athar Waheed (Pakistan), Kristi Rudelius-Palmer (University of Minnesota Human Rights Center.) It was organized by the Blue Skies Foundation. Live coverage was provided by Censored News, with livestream and video archives by Govinda at Earthcycles.

The complete statement is below:


BOARDING SCHOOLS TRIBUNAL
Truth Commissioners’ Summary Statement


We have found that the incidences testified to during the Indigenous Peoples’ Boarding Schools Tribunal held on October 22-24, 2014 violated, inter alia, the following articles of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC):

Velocity of Movement: Civil Rights Movement, American Indian Movement and the Zapatistas

Velocity of Movement: Civil Rights Movement, American Indian Movement and the Zapatistas

By Brenda Norrell
Censored News
Dutch translation by Alice Holemans, NAIS

The Civil Rights Movement and the American Indian Movement had this in common: They survived the attempts by the US government's COINTELPRO and other secret ops to eradicate them. They survived the attempts by the media to discredit them.

The US government and its media attempted to vanish these movements by focusing on the shortcomings of individuals in those movements.

But the movements surged forward, as a runaway train, not because of the train itself, or its conductor, but because of the sheer velocity, the sheer force, of the movement itself. It was the movement, the compelling movement forward on the side of right, the side of justice, that made each a force independent of who the conductor was, or whether there was a conductor at all.
When the Freedom Riders rode those buses into Mississippi, they faced death at the hands of white Mississippi police officers in the 1960s. Many Freedom Riders went to prison, forced onto prison chain gangs, others were beaten and murdered. Black and white, those youths rode the buses. Regardless of who was the catalyst, those youths were fearless in the face of death and imprisonment.

AIM facing off with Lewis and Clark re-enactors
Photo Brenda Norrell
The American Indian Movement faced the bullets of the US military at Wounded Knee. They stood their ground on the steps of the BIA building in Washington.

But their certitude was the same, whether the television cameras were rolling or not. On the banks of the Missouri River, the American Indian Movement faced off with the Lewis and Clark Expedition. Here was the same impenetrable force that held Wounded Knee. When Carter Camp, Russell Means, Floyd Hand, Alex White Plume and Vic Camp exposed the root of genocide in the Lewis and Clark Expedition, and told the re-enactors to leave Lakota Territory, it was with this force of movement. It was that same force of the absolute which corrected the bowels of the history books. Debra White Plume gave the Lewis and Clark re-enactors a symbolic blanket of smallpox.

For those who were ever in the presence of Lakota Chief Frank Fool's Crow, Hopi elders Thomas Banyacya and Dan Evehema, or Muskogee Creek Phillip Deere, there was no question of this absolute power of the invincible spirit. Being in their presence was transforming and emboldened the spirit.

On the Zapatista Caravan through Mexico, this impenetrable force of movement was literally like a runaway train. The Caravan rushed forward so fast that those of us in the buses seldom knew where we were going, or even what city we were in. Leading the caravan of buses rushing through Mexico, Subcomandante Marcos and the Comandantes rallied for justice, autonomy and dignity -- racing ahead of bullets yet to be fired at us.

When we came to Iguala, Guerrero, there was a spirit like non other, an indomitable force. 

Here were the Freedom Fighters, here was Frank Fool's Crow, and here were the Zapatistas of Guerrero. They were the sheer force of unstoppable movement, and there was no doubt the people here were that run away train. They were the velocity itself. 

Photos of 43 disappeared students held
by Zapatistas in 2014.
The Zapatistas of Guerrero, with the blood of the Nahuatl charging through their veins, were each a fortress. Resolute, they were peerless.

Perhaps this is why the police and military disappeared and murdered the students of Guerrero in 2014. They recognized that this spirit of the absolute could never be dissipated, could never be conquered.

But they were wrong. The students were not silenced. 

Do you hear them -- do you hear them now? 


Brenda Norrell has been a journalist in Indian country for 32 years. She began at Navajo Times, during the 18 years that she lived on the Navajo Nation. She was a freelance writer for AP and USA Today. After being censored repeatedly, then terminated as a staff reporter at Indian Country Today, she began Censored News. She has traveled with the Zapatistas and reported from the Southern border and throughout the west. Censored News is now in its 9th year, with no advertising, grants or sponsors, and 3.7 million pageviews from around the world.

Please share our Censored News link for this original article! 
Click link, then copy and paste from your browser:
http://bsnorrell.blogspot.com/2015/01/velocity-of-movement-civil-rights.html

Home » Nieuws » * DE SNELHEID VAN BEWEGING: BURGERRECHTENBEWEGING, AMERICAN INDIAN MOVEMENT EN DE ZAPATISTAS.
* DE SNELHEID VAN BEWEGING: BURGERRECHTENBEWEGING, AMERICAN INDIAN MOVEMENT EN DE ZAPATISTAS.
Door: Brenda Norrell: www.besnorrell.blogspot.com
Vertaald door NAIS Gazet: www.denaisgazet.be
beweging1.jpg
De Burgerrechten beweging en de American Indian Movement hebben dit alvast gemeen: zij overleefden de pogingen van COINTELPRO en andere geheime operaties van de VS regering om hen uit te roeien. Zij overleefden de pogingen van de media om hen in diskrediet te brengen.
 De VS regering en zijn media probeerden deze bewegingen in de grond te boren door de focus te richten op tekortkomingen van enkele personen in die bewegingen.
Maar de golf van bewegingen blijft doorgaan, zoals een op hol geslagen trein, niet door de trein zelf, of zijn bestuurder, maar door de grote snelheid, de grote kracht van de bewegingsgolf zelf.
Het was de beweging, de dwingende beweging voorwaarts aan de kant van recht, de kant van rechtvaardigheid. Dat maakte van hen een macht, ongeacht wie de leider was, en zelfs zonder leider.
beweging2.jpg
Toen in 1960’s de Freedom Riders hun bussen in Mississippi rondreden wisten ze dat zij gedood konden worden door de blanke Mississippi politie. Veel Freedom Riders werden in de gevangenissen opgesloten, zij werden aan handen en voeten geketend naar de gevangenis gebracht
Anderen werden afgeranseld en vermoord. Zwart en wit, deze jongeren reden de bussen zonder acht te slaan op wie de katalysator was, deze jongeren waren zonder vrees in het aangezicht van de dood en gevangenisstraffen.
De American Indian Movement kreeg de kogels van het US leger te verduren bij de bezetting van Wounded Knee.
Zij hielden stand op de trappen van de BIA gebouw in Washington.
Maar hun zekerheden bleven hetzelfde, of de televisie camera’s er waren of niet.
beweging3.jpg
Op de oevers van de Missouri rivier confronteerde de American Indian Movement de re- enactors van de Lewis and Clark expeditie. Hier was dezelfde ondoordringbare kracht van Wounded Knee voelbaar.
Wanneer Carter Camp, Russell Means,Floyd Hand, Alex White Plume en Vic Camp duidelijk maakten dat de wortels van de genocide in de Lewis en Clark Expeditie lagen, en de re-enactors dringend verzochten om het Lakota territorium te verlaten, was het met de kracht van de beweging. Het was diezelfde kracht van het absolute die de leugens van de geschiedenisboeken onderuithaalden.
Debra White Plume overhandigde de Lewis en Clark re- enactors een symbolische -met pokken besmette deken.

Voor hen die ooit in het gezelschap hebben vertoefd van Lakota Chief Frank Fool’s Crow, Hopi elders Thomas Banyacya en Dan Evehema, of Muskogee Creek Philip Deere, was er geen twijfel over deze absolute kracht van de onzichtbare geest. In hun aanwezigheid te zijn transformeerde en moedigde de geest aan.
beweging4.jpg
In de Zapatista karavaan die door Mexico reed was deze ondoordringbare kracht van beweging letterlijk te vergelijken met een losgeslagen trein. De karavaan snelde haastig voorwaarts, zo snel dat diegene onder ons die in de bus zaten niet wisten waar we naartoe reden of in welke stad we waren.
Subcomandante Marcos en de Comandantes die de karavaan leidden vlogen als het ware door Mexico om het volk te organiseren voor rechtvaardigheid, autonomie en waardigheid -om de kogels voor te blijven die men ons navuurden.
 Toen wij in Iguala, Guerrero aankwamen was de geest, een onverzettelijke kracht voelbaar zoals we nog nooit gevoeld hadden.
“Hier waren de Freedom Fighters, hier was Frank Fool’s Crow, en hier waren de Zapatistas van Guerrero.
Zij waren de formidabele kracht van een onstuitbare beweging.”

De Zapatistas van Guerrero, met het bloed van de Nahuatl in hun aderen, vormden, ieder voor zich een fort.
Resoluut, onverstoorbaar.
beweging5.jpg
Misschien is het daarom dat de politie en het leger in 2014 de studenten heeft doen verdwijnen en vermoord. Zij voelden dat deze geest van het absolute nooit zal verdwijnen, nooit overwonnen zal worden.

Maar de studenten zijn het zwijgen niet opgelegd. De studenten zijn niet monddood gemaakt.
 Kan je hen horen – hoor je hen nu?
Brenda Norrell has been a journalist in Indian country for 32 years. She began at Navajo Times, during the 18 years that she lived on the Navajo Nation. She was a freelance writer for AP and USA Today. After being censored repeatedly, then terminated as a staff reporter at Indian Country Today, she began Censored News. She has traveled with the Zapatistas and reported from the Southern border and throughout the west. Censored News is now in its 9th year, with no advertising, grants or sponsors, and 3.7 million pageviews from around the world.
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Nota van NAIS: Op 5 februari stelt NAIS de documentaire COINTELPRO 101 voor in Antwerpen.

Dineh Walkers Honor Horse Nation, Receive Shiprock Support

By Brenda Norrell
Censored News
Dutch translation by Alice Holemans, NAIS

Dineh Walkers against Fracking, Journey for our Existence, is honoring the Horse Nation as they walk to the Four Sacred Mountains to protect the land, water and air from fracking. 

Celebrating the Dineh walkers who walk in the "Spirit of our Relatives," the Shiprock, N.M., Chapter passed a resolution supporting the walkers and in solidarity to protect the environment. Shiprock Chapter celebrated the efforts of the walkers as they brave the elements, as did their ancestors on the forced Longest Walk. (See below.)

On Monday, the Dineh walkers made it to Barrego Pass.

The walkers said Dineh horses have been removed as fracking threatens the area on the Navajo Nation.

"Horses joined us in our journey yesterday in the Eastern Agency of Navajo. Horses were forcibly removed and vanished despite local residents desperate and thorough attempts to retrieve their livestock. This happened directly before families were approached to sign fracking contracts. It is necessary that we connect the dots here. Nihígaal bee iiná walk is also dedicated to these relatives of ours, the horse nation. We have been making offerings and singing to them along the walk. They walk with us, keep our four legged relatives in your prayers."

On Sunday, walkers said: "Best way to find us today and tomorrow is by taking Prewitt exit off of I-40 (exit 63) head north. Make a right on old Route 66 (East). In one mile head north on Navajo Route 48 for 20 miles until you get to Barrego Pass. We will be taking sweat at the Anderson Residence and will be camped out in Star Pond on top of mesa. Join us if you can. We are getting ready for our decent up Tsodziil." 

Below, walkers are joined by Dineh on horseback.
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Home » Nieuws » * DINEH WALKERS DIE HET VOLK VAN DE PAARDEN HULDIGEN KRIJGEN STEUN VAN SHIPROCK
* DINEH WALKERS DIE HET VOLK VAN DE PAARDEN HULDIGEN KRIJGEN STEUN VAN SHIPROCK
Door: Brenda Norrell, Censored News: www.bsnorrell.blogspot.com
Vertaald door NAIS: www.denaisgazet.be
paarden1.jpg
Dineh Walkers tegen fracking, Journey for our Existence, huldigen de Horse Nation terwijl ze naar de Vier Sacred Mounains stappen om het land, water en lucht te beschermen tegen fracking.

Om de Dineh Walkers te steunen heeft de Shiprock N.M. Chapter een resolutie ingediend tot steun voor de stappers en in solidariteit met de bescherming van het milieu.
Shiprock Chapter bracht hulde aan de inspanningen die de Walkers leveren en moedig de elementen trotseren, net zoals hun voorouders deden op de gedwongen Longest Walk.

Maandag waren de Dineh Walkers op weg naar Barrego Pas.

De Walkers zeiden dat de Dineh paarden verjaagd werden omdat ze de fracking op het land van het Navajo volk in de weg liepen..

“ Paarden vergezelden ons gisteren op onze reis in de ‘Eastern Agency of Navajo’. Paarden werden met geweld verwijderd en verdwenen ondanks de wanhopige pogingen van het Navajo volk om hun kudde terug te brengen. Dit gebeurde vlak voor families benaderd werden om fracking contracten te ondertekenen.
Het verband in deze is belangrijk. De mars van de Nihígaal bee iiná is ook opgedragen aan deze verwanten van ons, het volk van de paarden.
Wij hebben geofferd en gezongen voor hen tijdens de mars. Zij stappen samen met ons, gedenk onze vierbenige verwanten.”

Zondag deden de walkers een oproep aan de mensen die hun solidariteit willen komen betuigen in de Barrego Pass.
“Wij zullen een zweethut doen bij de Anderson Residence en ons kamp opslaan in Star Point op de top van mesa.
paarden2.jpg
Dineh te paard voegden zich bij de Walkers

More Femicide Victims Identified from Border Graveyard



More Femicide Victims Identified from Border Graveyard

By Frontera NorteSur
Censored News
January 25, 2015

Women's/Human Rights News
The parents of Esmeralda Castillo Rincon recently heard sad news about their long-disappeared daughter. The 14-year-old had been missing from her Ciudad Juarez home since 2009, and the parents had waged a long campaign demanding her safe return.

On January 16, however, the Chihuahua state prosecutor's office (FGECH) notified Jose Luis Castillo and his wife, Martha Rincon, that Esmeralda's remains were among those of other female murder victims recovered from the Navajo Arroyo in the Juarez Valley bordering the United States in 2012 and 2013.

San Carlos Apache Nation Spiritual Gathering Oak Flat Feb. 5 -- 8, 2015

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