August 2020

Indigenous Peoples and Human Rights

Saturday, September 24, 2011

Cree George Poitras: Ottawa Tarsands Action Monday

OTTAWA TARSANDS ACTION – Why am I attending?

by George Poitras, former Chief, Mikisew Cree First Nation
Posted at Censored News

In the past year and even more so in the past few weeks a lot of debate has focused on the tarsands in northeastern Alberta as “ethical oil.” Advertisements taken out on the Oprah Winfrey Network by, why Oprah Winfrey has endorsed this propaganda by big oil is anyone’s guess?! The advertisement suggests why should America be dependent on Saudi Arabian oil, “a state that doesn't allow women to drive, doesn't allow them to leave their homes or work without their male guardian's permission.” That there is a better alternative, “Ethical oil from Canada's oil sands." Apparently meaning a more human alternative.

Names synonymous of this “ethical oil” notion include Alykhan Velshi, Ezra Levant.
Proponents who happily began to espouse the controversial two words include Canadian
politicians like environment minister Peter Kent and prime minister Stephen Harper as they
traverse the globe promoting investment in the tarsands.

The tarsands have been mined, primarily open-pit, for the past 40 years in what is known as the
traditional lands of many Treaty 6 and Treaty 8 First Nations. The total tarsands deposit, the size
of England, is known to be the second largest oil deposit in the world, second to Saudi Arabia.
Only 3% of the total deposit has been mined in the past 40 years and Dr. David Schindler, a
world renowned water expert, proved last year that there has been virtually no monitoring of
what has also been characterized the largest industrial project in the world. A claim that the
local Indigenous peoples have made for decades with proof of deformed fish, observation of
poor water quality, receding water levels, impacts to animal health, and more recently in Fort
Chipewyan, an increase in rare and aggressive cancers.

Tarsands a humane alternative?

When local physician Dr. John O’Connor raised concerns of disproportionate numbers of
unusual cancers in Fort Chipewyan in 2006, the government of Canada, or physicians from
the First Nations and Inuit Health Branch lodged complaints against him including a charge
of “causing undue alarm” to residents of my community of Fort Chipewyan. Canada’s charges
against a family physician has never before been heard of in the history of Canada. For my
community of Fort Chipewyan, this unprecedented action by the government of Canada
essentially signalled to us that Canada didn’t care what claims Dr. O’Connor was making or that
people in Fort Chipewyan might be living in a situation with an epidemic of rare and aggressive
cancers. The claims were eventually proven by an Alberta Cancer Board Study in 2009 because
of our unrelenting efforts; perhaps we shamed the Canadian and Alberta governments into doing
so by successfully making our concerns a part of the international debate of this “dirty oil”
campaign and not because the governments felt it was the “ethical” or “humane” thing to do.

Despite this, both the Alberta and Canadian governments continue to this day, to deny there is
any concern with cancers in Fort Chipewyan.

The governments of Alberta and Canada have for the past 15 years relied on the Regional
Aquatics Monitoring Program (RAMP) to monitor the Athabasca River and the fish health.
Every study since then has concluded that there was little to no impacts from tarsands
development on the water or the fish health. A position that was proven wrong by Dr. David
Schindler. Essentially, the RAMP which is 100% funded by the oil companies and who’s data
is proprietary, and the Alberta and Canadian governments have been lying to the downstream
impacted communities but also to Albertans and Canadians. They both shamefully admitted this
following Schindler’s study just days before Christmas in 2010.

Fishermen in Fort Chipewyan have been saving deformed, tumoured, discoloured, and other
problem fish for many years. Many residents in my community have chosen not to eat any fish
from the Athabasca River or Lake Athabasca, a sad commentary to impacts on a peoples way
of living. In June 1970, a Suncor pipeline break spilled 19,123 barrels of oil, roughly 3 million
liters, into the Athabasca River which reached Lake Athabasca. This shut down the fishing
industry on Lake Athabasca for two consecutive years. The fishermen held a press conference
in October 2010 in Edmonton, Alberta displaying many of the collection of problem fish. This
generated further international attention to the tarsands industry and its impacts to water and fish

Indigenous leaders in the downstream community of Fort Chipewyan have been chastised by
oil company executives when they speak publicly to the press about their concerns of impacts
from tarsands. They have gone so far as threatening, that should the Indigenous leaders continue,
there would be repercussions to their First Nation-owned company’s contracts within certain oil
company sites. Oil company executives regularly question the Indigenous leaders when their
own community members speak out publicly on issues and I have seen those members silenced.

Two years ago I attended a protest in Trafalgar Square in London, England. We drew a crowd of
about 500 supporters and this protest generated so much publicity internationally by England’s
BBC and Canada’s CBC who were present and did live interviews. Three weeks after this
action which I dubbed the “bloody oil tour” an executive from a major oil company flew to
my community to meet with my Chief & Council and in no uncertain terms stated that they
didn’t like that I traveled internationally and generated so much negative publicity on the
tarsands industry. They also stated that they knew of all my actions in the past years because
they said they had a binder “this thick” to prove it. He further suggested that somehow I should
be “silenced” or even “terminated” or there would be repercussions. Two weeks later, the First
Nation-owned company contracts worth millions were terminated displacing approximately 65
employees. I chose to leave my employment shortly thereafter.

An ethical, humane future for impacted communities?

In a recent trip to the Amazon and in conversation with a colleague from Nigeria, I told him

many of our issues, our concerns, the repercussions we receive for being vocal. He was in
complete disbelief. He said in a million years he would not believe all of this would occur in
Canada, a developed G8 country. He said Canada is known as a safe country for its citizens.
Canada is known as a country that prides itself for protection of human rights within its own
borders and beyond.

I also tell my fellow leaders in Fort Chipewyan and to those young, brave members of my
community, that the repercussions for speaking publicly is nothing compared to what we will see
in the future. That if only 3% of the total deposit has been mined and the environmental impacts
are so significant, that there will be many more generations of our people who will take up this
challenge and they will face much more backlash than what we are seeing today from what has
become a ruthless and aggressive race to exploit the tarsands.. That many of our people will
continue to see the early demise of their lives from rare and aggressive cancers the same way
we watched our youngest victim at the age of 28 succumb to his cancer just months after being
diagnosed. That if we see our environment in such a negative state today, do we think that we
are capable of handing down to future generations a healthy environment? That if Canada and
Alberta today ignore and repeatedly, knowingly infringe on our Constitutionally protected Treaty
Rights, will our future generations be able to meaningfully exercise their right to hunt, fish and
trap? Will our people in 20 years from now be able to enjoy a traditional diet of fish, moose,
ducks, geese, caribou?

While I do not condone any ill-treatment on women in Saudi Arabia, Indigenous peoples
in Canada’s tarsands should not be a pawn or be sacrificed to allow certainty for Canada,
Alberta and multinational corporations to exploit the tarsands at all costs! From an Indigenous
perspective, watching and being victim to the 40 years of unrelenting, unfettered, unmonitored
development of the tarsands, there is nothing “ethical” or “humane” about the development of
the tarsands!

I will be in Ottawa on Monday, September 26th to oppose the approval of the Keystone XL
Pipeline because an approval means an expansion of production of tarsands by a million barrels a
day, further exacerbating local Indigenous peoples grave concerns about the development of the

No comments: