August 2020

Indigenous Peoples and Human Rights

Tuesday, November 24, 2015

Mohawk Nation News OZ EFFECT

Mohawk and Tohono O'odham: Sovereignty

Mohawk Warrior asserting sovereignty.
Tohono O'odham and Mohawk speak out on sovereignty, during the AIM West Conference

By Brenda Norrell
Censored News

SAN FRANCISCO -- Tohono O’odham human rights activists and Mohawk Warriors spoke out on sovereignty, during the American Indian Movement’s annual west coast conference.
Mike Wilson, Tohono O'odham, described documenting the abuse by the US Border Patrol and an increase in violence toward O'odham by border agents.
"The Tohono O'odham tribal government has completely surrendered to the US Homeland Security,” Wilson said.
Photo Mike Wilson putting out water for migrants 
on the Tohono O'odham Nation in 2006. 
Wilson's water tanks were constantly under attack 
by the tribal government, which created a law
forbidding giving water to migrants, even those dying.
This desert region has one of the highest rates of 
migrant deaths. Photo Brenda Norrell
Wilson said people ask him why -- if the Tohono O’odham is sovereign -- is the US Border Patrol on the Tohono O’odham Nation.
"In Indian country, we are not sovereign nations, we are not even sovereign people,” Wilson said.
"If we were truly sovereign, why do we have Border Patrol, as far as I'm concerned it is an occupying army in Indian country."
Wilson, who called in to the AIM West with an O’odham and O’otham delegation in southern Arizona, described how the United States is building 15 camera surveillance systems on the Tohono O’odham Nation.
He was referring to the spy cameras being built by Israel's Elbit Systems, which US Homeland Security gave the current border surveillance contract to.
Wilson explained that this was only the beginning.
"It is not only Tohono O'odham Nation." Wilson said that what goes on in Tohono O'odham country can happen on any tribal land. He said Homeland Security has jurisdiction on any tribal land in this country.
Wilson asked if tribal governments are not protecting tribal members, "What recourse do we have in a civil society against systemic violations by the US Border Patrol?”
Mark Maracle, Mohawk Warrior, responded on the issue of sovereignty. 
Maracle said that Mohawks do not wait for anyone to tell them that they are sovereign.
"You don't have sovereignty unless you assert sovereignty,” Maracle told Censored News.
“The United States and Mexico are not sovereign nations.”
“We tell them we are sovereign. We don’t wait for them to tell us that we are sovereign. We tell them. If you want sovereignty, you have to make sacrifices.”
Maracle said Mohawks have stood up against the state police, federal agents and all forms of government.
“We keep reminding them that this land belongs to us,” Maracle said.
Maracle said it is the same as dealing with bullies and cowards.
“They have to remember the power is in the people.”
“The worst enemies are our own people, the ones who are traitors. Traitors for the invaders.”
He said people have to be strong and need assertive, good spokespeople. Maracle said Indian people should not try and use the laws of the United States.
“You can not use their laws against them. That is why we have laws.”
Maracle said he is speaking because he was given the right to speak by the Mohawk clan mothers.
As for Treaty organizations, he said that not one Indian treaty was recognized by the governments.
“As far as we are concerned, all treaties are void.”
Maracle, quoting Sitting Bull, said, “Money is soon gone, but land is forever.”
Mohawks go after solutions, he said, they don’t just focus on the problems.
“You have to sit down and come to one mind.”


Comments
By Brenda Norrell
There is a major cover-up underway in the media to protect the US Border Patrol because 1. A Border Patrol agent is charged for shooting through the border and murdering a teen in Nogales, Mexico.
2. Relentless abuse of Tohono O'odham and migrants by agents, including shootings, rapes and beatings. 
3. Border Patrol agents are drug running through Arizona border. Border Patrol agent Juan Pimentel arrested with 110 pounds of cocaine at Marana on Nov. 17. Hundreds of US Border Patrol and ICE agents have been arrested in recent years for drug smuggling and serving as spotters for the cartels, as exposed in a Congressional hearing.
4. Border Patrol arrests of migrant serve the profiteers in private prisons. While the US is welcoming refugees, it is imprisoning migrant children in Texas private prisons in violation of International law. When questioned at the United Nations in Geneva, during its human rights review in May, the US refused to admit this.
5. The Border Patrol agents running drugs across Arizona border are part of the US manufactured drug war, which includes the US ATF supplying cartels with assault weapons. This began in 2005 at Texas border, according to the US Justice Department, and continues across the Arizona border, with ATF's Project Gunrunner, Fast and Furious and Wide Receiver.Comments:

By Brenda Norrell, Censored News


For permission to repost this article: brendanorrell@gmail.com
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AIM West honors Darrell Standing Elk, urges clemency for Peltier

AIM West begins with tribute to Darrell Standing Elk, an urge of clemency for Leonard Peltier, and Tohono O'odham voices from the border
Darrell Standing Elk, Lakota

By Brenda Norrell
Censored News
Nov. 21, 2015
Also see AIM West Day 2: 
http://bsnorrell.blogspot.com/2015/11/hidden-atrocities-californias-indian.html

SAN FRANCISCO -- The AIM West Conference began today with a memorial for Darrell Standing Elk. Darrell was honored by his family, friends and Tony Gonzales. Darrell was remembered for his spiritual guidance, his humor, and the warmth of his love that he blanketed on others.


Darrell was honored, and Russell Means was also recognized. Darrell's daughter Sue also pointed out the missing and murdered Indigenous women. Right now Dennis Banks granddaughter Rose Downwind of Minnesota is missing.


Tohono O'odham on the Border

Mike Wilson photo by Brenda Norrell
During the afternoon session on Saturday, Mike Wilson, Tohono O'odham, described documenting abuse by the US Border Patrol and an increase in violence toward O'odham.

"The Tohono O'odham tribal government has completely surrendered to the US Homeland Security." Wilson said people ask why, if the Tohono O’odham is sovereign, is the US Border Patrol on the Tohono O’odham Nation.

"In Indian country, we are not sovereign nations, we are not even sovereign people,” Wilson said.

"If we were truly sovereign, why do we have Border Patrol, as far as I'm concerned it is an occupying army in Indian country.”

Wilson described how the US is building 15 camera surveillance systems on the Tohono O’odham Nation.

"It is not only Tohono O'odham Nation."

Wilson said that what goes on in Tohono O'odham country can happen on any tribal land.

He said Homeland Security has jurisdiction on any tribal land in this country.

Wilson said if tribal governments are not protecting tribal members, "What recourse do we have in a civil society against systemic violations by the US Border Patrol."
On far right, Meldon Fulwilder, Salt River O'otham, with Marcos in Sonora, Mexico. Photo Brenda Norrell
Meldon Fulwilder, O' otham, Salt River Pima, described how the Border Patrol pulled him over at gunpoint. 

"Just harassment."

Meldon described how the US Border Patrol agents pull over the O'odham elders and search their vehicles.

Meldon described a sacred run to the sacred sites in the Tohono O'odham area. He said it is now hard to cross the border to sacred places. He said these traditional routes should be available for crossing for the traditional people.
"That's how it is done here."
"The Border Patrol is out of control."
Meldon said the traditional people still go into Sonora, Mexico, to the sacred places and people, but there are these obstacles.
Meldon said on Salt River Pima, the ceremonies are being brought back. It was the loss of Gila River water that brought the ancestors of the people to Salt River.

David Garcia, Tohono O'odham, described efforts with the ACLU to document abuses by the US Border Patrol agents. "More and more people are stepping forward and sharing the abuse."
Garcia said there have been shootings, and without the media, one O’odham could have gone to prison for decades.
Garcia said that they are bringing these issues to the international arena.
Currently, Garcia said the struggle includes fighting new legislation, S750 pushed by Arizona Sen. John McCain, that would waive more federal laws and expand the US Border Patrol jurisdiction along the US border.
Garcia said the Tohono O'odham Nation is being used as a stepping stone for actions that could be expanded to other regions.
Garcia described the huge surveillance towers now planned for the Tohono O'odham Nation.
Lipan Apache from Nogales, Sonora, Mexico, described their struggle for recognizance in Mexico and their difficulty in crossing the border.

Mohawk Warrior Mark Maracle responds

Mark Maracle, Mohawk Warrior, responded on the issue of sovereignty.
"You don't have sovereignty unless you assert sovereignty,” Maracle said.
“The United States and Mexico are not sovereign nations.”
“We tell them we are sovereign. We don’t wait for them to tell us that we are sovereign. We tell them. If you want sovereignty, you have to make sacrifices.”
Maracle said Mohawks have stood up against the state police, federal agents and all forms of government.
“We keep reminding them that this land belongs to us.”
He said it is the same as dealing with bullies and cowards.
“They have to remember the power is in the people.”
“The worst enemies are our own people, the ones who were traitors. Traitors for the invaders.”
He said people have to be strong and need assertive, good spokespeople, and not try to use US laws against them.
“You can not use their laws against them. That is why we have laws.”
Maracle is speaking because he was given the right to speak by the Mohawk clan mothers.
As for Treaty organizations, he said that not one Indian treaty was recognized by the governments.
“As far as we are concerned, all treaties are void.”
Maracle, quoting Sitting Bull, said “money is soon gone but land is forever.”
Mohawks go after solutions, he said, they don’t just focus on the problems.
“You have to sit down and come to one mind.”

UN Climate Summit Paris

During Saturday's afternoon session at AIM West, Pennie Opal Plant spoke on the battle against fossil fuels and plans for the upcoming Paris COP 21 summit.

Opal Plant described the Indigenous Women's Treaty of North and South, signed in September. Indigenous women said it "marked a historic milestone in the movement for environmental justice and indigenous rights. Indigenous women leaders of the North and South Americas signed a first ever treaty agreement declaring solidarity in the movement to protect Mother Earth from extractive industries."
Casey Camp-Horinek (Ponca) and Pennie Opal Plan (Idle No More Bay Area), who serve as representatives on the Indigenous Environmental Network’s Delegation for the COP 21 United Nations Summit in Paris, met with Kichwa leaders, Patricia Gualinga and President of the Association of Sapara Women, Gloria Ushigua, who serve as representatives of the Amazon Watch Delegation. 
Read more about the Treaty: 
During the afternoon at AIM West, presenters provided information on access to media: U streaming and live streaming events wave of the future; marches, protests. rallies, conferences. The presenters were Frank Sterling and Steve Zeltzerm KPFA radio.

Cristina Gonzales, Chumash, spoke on NAGPRA and the protection of Native American sacred places and remains.

Tony Gonzales AIM West 2015 photo Karen Wright
Leonard Peltier's artwork removed in Washington State

During the opening of the American Indian Movement's west coast annual conference, Tony Gonzales described how Leonard Peltier's artwork was removed in Washington State. 

Tony urged everyone to call the Governor of Washington for the return of Peltier's view to display. Tony described how FBI agents put pressure on President Clinton not to sign executive clemency for Peltier. Tony also pointed out that President Obama is the only one currently who can free Leonard Peltier. Read more about the removal of Peltier artwork:

Rigo 23 of Portugal spoke on his art installation of Peltier in San Francisco (below.) Rigo pointed out how Hollywood always has other nationalities to portray American Indians in films. Rigo also described Peltier's love of art.

Rigo remembered Leonard and the sacrifice he made when he went to Pine Ridge in the 70s. "Leonard gave up everything he was doing to protect his people from the GOON Squad."
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Michael Flynn of the National Lawyer's Guild read the letter from the Guild, urging release of Leonard Peltier. It points out the fabricated evidence used in his trial and states Peltier was not allowed a fair trial. It also points out that there is no proof of who shot the two FBI agents on Pine Ridge, for which Peltier, 71, has spent his life in prison for.


Jean Whitehorse, Dine', US relocation, termination and sterilization

Jean Whitehorse, Dine', spoke on the trauma of boarding school and the US sterilization of American Indians, which she was a victim of. She told of the termination and relocation that the US targeted Native Americans with.
Whitehorse spoke of the contaminated water from the recent gold mine spill and the coal fired power plants.
She said Navajo ancestors didn't read or write. They put their "X" on documents hoping for a better life. 
"But it is not."
Whitehorse said she hopes for a better life for the children today on the Navajo Nation, where she encourages culturally relevant children's books. She focuses on the chiefs and those Dine' who made a difference.
Whitehorse said Navajos were only allowed to become citizens because the United States wanted to use the young men to fight the US wars. 
Whitehorse said she came to share the struggle. 
"That's why we are still here."

With thanks to the Creator, Wounded Knee offered the closing prayer on Saturday, remembering those suffering from boarding schools. He also remembered Darrell Standing Elk.

The Saturday night AIM West Dinner is at Inter-Tribal Friendship House Oakland, 6-7 pm. The AIM West Conference is live again on Sunday.



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Welcome to the annual AIM-WEST Coast Conference! This years conference held in San Francisco November 21-22, 2015 is dedicated to the I Will Clemency Campaign for Leonard Peltier!

The Conference Agenda provides a guide to topics that will be discussed. There are many issues to be covered so please be thoughtful and respectful of others in your presentations and remarks. Your cooperation is appreciated. The public is invited.

AIM-WEST will be live webcast streaming the conference to afford others an opportunity to be part of the discussions and listen to the speakers. When you speak be sure introduce yourself and enjoy the camaraderie as we build alliances across Indian Land in the promotion of Indigenous peoples right to self-determination.

AGENDA

Saturday, November 21: (Answer Coalition at 2969 Mission Street)

8 am A special ceremony will be held to honor and celebrate the life of Darrell Standing Elk who passed to spirit world, September 19, 2015. AIM Elder and spiritual advisor Lee Polanco*tbc will lead the solemn occasion. We encourage friends and relations to share their experiences and moments they had with Ta Kola Ota. Drum, Sage, Mejica Traditional dancers Teo Kalli;

9 am Welcoming words and introduction to the conference by Antonio Gonzales, Director AIM-WEST
9:30 Solidarity statements from supporters and allies.

Panel Discussions

10:00 Human Rights Defenders: Leonard Peltier and I WillExecutive Clemency campaign, art censorship and 1st Amendment by National Lawyers Guild, Sampson Wolfe Bay Area Support Group, and with Rigo 23 with art project proposal to build statue of Leonard Peltier;

10:45 Youth, Restorative Justice: Juvenile Hall, services, job placement, and native lives matter, police misconduct. Presenters: Robert Castro, Felipe Hernandez, Ms. Destiny Villa, Adam Anda;

11:30 Sacred Sites and Sacred Runs: Grave Lives matter, Peace and Dignity Run, and role of State Office of Historic Preservation. Jose Malvido, Doug Duncan* tbc, Morning Star, Tribal Preservation Officer*tbc, Jim Brown*tbc and Bloody Island;

12:15 Lunch (Film screening to be announced)

1:30 Border Relations: Military Operations and Reservation life, sovereignty and water as humanitarian aid. Presenters Michael Flores, and an Apache video introduction.

2:15 Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA): *Lalo Franco and Cristina Gonzales* tbc;

3:00 Re-writing our history: Organizing for Indigenous Peoples Daydeclared in states, cities, schools, jr. colleges and universities. Presenters Erika Hernandez Ramirez, Hernan Rai Zaragoza Lemus, look at Santa Rosa Jr. College and Albuquerque, New Mexico;

3:45 Access to media: U streaming and live streaming events wave of the future; marches, protests. rallies, conferences. Presenters Frank Sterling and Steve Zeltzer (KPFA radio);

4:30 Environmental and Extractive industries, Keystone XL Pipeline, COP-21 Paris Climate Change demonstrations (UNFCCC), Water, Sovereignty, and Treaties. Presenter Penny Opal Plant;

5:15 Closing comments: (Dinner at Inter-Tribal Friendship House Oakland, 6-7 pm) 

Sunday, November 22: (California Institute of Integral Studies 1453 Mission Street)

8 am Traditional dancers and singers welcome participants;

9 am Introduction, and welcome blessings by Pomo Elder Thomas Leon Brown-Cultural Director Elem;

9:15 Special Guest Speaker: Dr. Roxanne D. Ortiz, author, internationalist;

10:00 Legacy and Canonization of Junipero Serra: Tell the Truth Campaign, Papal Bulls and Doctrine of Discovery, strategy beyond sainthood. Presenters Chairman Valentin Lopez, Elias Castillo*tbc;

11:00 Facilitated discussion on revising Californias 4th Grade curriculum to tell the true story of the missions;

11:00 Treaties and Unratified treaties in California. *

12 Lunch Film: Doctrine of Discovery, Unmasking the Domination Code

1:15 Mascots in sports: Organizing for Social Justice; bay area public schools, national sports teams. Dr. Blu Wakpah, Tria Wakpah, Angel Hart, Philip Mehas, with Molly Batchelder;

2 pm Closing comments and blessings.

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