Tuesday, November 27, 2012

Cultural Survival Quarterly 'Free, Prior and Informed Consent'

Free, Prior and Informed Consent: Protecting Indigenous Peoples' rights to self-determination, participation and decision-making
 
By Agnes Portalewska
Navajos protest relocation at Big Mountain
Cultural Survival Quarterly
 
Under current international law, governments are obligated to consult Indigenous communities before any development affecting their lands and resources takes place, and even more broadly, any decisions directly affecting Indigenous Peoples and their self-determination require their consultation and consent. The final study on Indigenous Peoples and the right to participate in decision-making by the UN Expert Mechanism on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples advises on the proper implementation FPIC: “The element of ‘free’ implies no coercion, intimidation or manipulation; ‘prior’ implies that consent is obtained in advance
of the activity associated with the decision being made, and includes the time necessary to allow Indigenous Peoples to undertake their own decision-making processes; ‘informed’ implies that Indigenous Peoples have been provided all information relating to the activity and that that information is objective, accurate and presented in a manner and form understandable to Indigenous Peoples; ‘consent’ implies that Indigenous Peoples have agreed to the activity that is the
subject of the relevant decision, which may also be subject to conditions.”

Read article:
http://www.culturalsurvival.org/publications/cultural-survival-quarterly/free-prior-and-informed-consent-protecting-indigenous

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