August 2020

Indigenous Peoples and Human Rights

Tuesday, June 19, 2012

Ecuador's statement on Julian Assange seeking asylum


While Ecuador decides whether to grant Assange
asylum, he is under the protection of Ecuador

Update Wednesday: London police say Assange will be arrested if he leaves Ecuadorian Embassy:
http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/world/wikileaks-assange-faces-arrest-if-he-leaves-ecuador-embassy-police-say/article4354228/?cmpid=rss1

Democracy Now! coverage on Wednesday, June 20, 2012


By Brenda Norrell
Censored News
http://bsnorrell.blogspot.com/2012/06/ecuadors-statement-on-julian-assange.html

Ecuador Embassy in London where Julian Assange is seeking
political asylum/Photo RT London
Wikileaks exposed US agenda of exploitation of Indigenous Peoples in Ecuador and globally

Wikileaks Julian Assange is at the Ecuador Embassy in London seeking refuge. In the statement below, Ecuador's Minister of Foreign Affairs said Ecuador is considering the request of Assange for political asylum.
It states that Assange said he faces possible extradition to a country where he would not be protected from possible charges of espionage and treason, and could face the death penalty. Assange is seeking asylum under the UN Declaration on Human Rights.
Assange has said he was "grateful" to Ecuador for considering his application.
After Assange arrived Tuesday afternoon, Ecuador said he was "under the protection of the Ecuadorian government.
"As a signatory to the United Nations Universal Declaration for Human Rights, with an obligation to review all applications for asylum, we have immediately passed his application on to the relevant department in Quito," the embassy said on its website.
"While the department assesses Assange's application, Assange will remain at the embassy, under the protection of the Ecuadorian Government."
"The decision to consider Assange's application for protective asylum should in no way be interpreted as the Government of Ecuador interfering in the judicial processes of either the United Kingdom or Sweden," it said.
Christine Assange, Julian's mother, said she hopes Ecuador will grant asylum. If not, she hopes other countries will arise and offer asylum for her son who exposed the corruption of the United States and is now under attack as the US attempts to silence a journalist. She said there is no doubt that the US is already attempting to intimidate Ecuador. (Listen at: http://blogs.abc.net.au/queensland/2012/06/christine-assange-on-her-sons-bid-for-political-asylum-in-ecuador.html
In 2010, Ecuador acknowledged that the US diplomatic cables released by Wikileaks revealed that US diplomats were spying in Ecuador. Among those cables was one that revealed that US diplomats in Ecuador were engaged in a program to counter efforts for passage of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, which later was adopted by the United Nations.
In the cables, the US expressed concern over the Declaration. Those concerns included Indigenous rights to traditional territories and the mandate of free, prior and informed consent prior to development in Indigenous territories.
Ecuador's Foreign Minister responds today:
.
COMUNICADOS DEL MINISTERIO DE RELACIONES EXTERIORES, COMERCIO E
INTEGRACIÓN
Comunicado El Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores, Comercio e Integración ha informado
que el día de hoy el señor Julian Assange de nacionalidad Australiana, con residencia en el Reino
Unido, se ha presentado en la sede de la Misión Diplomática del Ecuador en Londres solicitando
la protección del Gobierno del Ecuador, argumentando que ante una “lamentable declaración
efectiva de abandono recibida por las autoridades de mi país, Australia, en la cual declaran que
no defenderán ni aún mis garantías mínimas ante ningún gobierno y delegan en la Constitución
de un país extranjero que aplica la pena de muerte por el delito de espionaje y traición, y en las
garantías que ésta ofrece a sus connacionales, ignorando la obligación de proteger a su ciudadano,
que es perseguido políticamente. Dichas declaraciones hacen imposible mi retorno a mi país de
origen y me colocan en un estado de indefensión al ser solicitado para ser interrogado por el
Reino de Suecia, lugar donde sus más altos funcionarios me han atacado abiertamente, e
investigado por delitos políticos en los Estados Unidos de América, un país donde la pena
de muerte por dichas ofensas aún está vigente”. El Gobierno del Ecuador se encuentra
evaluando el pedido del señor Julian Assange y cualquier decisión que adopte sobre el
mismo tendrá en cuenta el respeto a las normas y principios de derecho internacional,
así como la tradicional política del Ecuador de precautelar los derechos humanos.
La Cancillería ha comunicado oficialmente acerca de esta situación al Foreign and
Commonwealth Office a través de la Embajada del Ecuador en el Reino Unido y de
la Representación Diplomática británica en Quito. COMUNICADO No. 029

Earlier, in a cable released by Wikileaks, US Ambassador Linda Jewell in Ecuador said the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples is "fundamentally flawed." This cable marked the third cable revealing how the United States worked behind the scenes to halt adoption and implementation of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.
A Wikileaks cable from the US Embassy in Canada said Canada agreed with the US that the Declaration was "ill-conceived and headed for a train wreck." In Iceland, the US Ambassador said Iceland's support of the Declaration was an "impediment" to US and Iceland relations at the UN.
Wikileaks revealed that US Ambassador Jewell in Quito, Ecuador, described steps taken by the US to dissuade Ecuador from supporting the Declaration in 2006, the year before it was adopted by the UN. Jewell stated the government of Ecuador was inclined to support the Declaration in 2006. She said, however, that the US took steps to present papers to show that the UN Declaration "is fundamentally flawed."
The cable was written on Oct. 20, 2006 and released on May 2, 2011. It is marked sensitive and titled GOE (Government of Ecuador) Inclined to Support Indigenous Declaration.
==================================================================
Cable: 06QUITO2574
REF: A. SECSTATE 169257
¶B. QUITO 1386
¶1. (SBU) PolOff presented Ref A points and non-papers to Augusto Saa, Director of Human Rights and Social and Environmental issues at the MFA, on October 12, emphasizing the USG view that the Chair's draft UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples is fundamentally flawed.
¶2. (SBU) Saa responded that the GOE continues to support the draft Declaration, but has advised its UN mission not to push any sensitive issues and would share USG concerns regarding the declaration with them. He agreed that more discussion of the declaration would be necessary before a final vote, and said Ecuador would consult with others who are in favor while remaining open to arguments from those who oppose it. Saa emphasized it would be difficult for Ecuador to actively oppose the draft, citing political realities here, including the current electoral climate and the support for the Declaration from Ecuadorian indigenous groups.
JEWELL
=====================================================================
Wikileaks cables reveal how the US Embassy in Peru tracked Indigenous activists and organized mining companies to counter Indigenous efforts to protect their communities. Five countries formed an alliance to promote mining, while the US provided a list of names of Indigenous grassroots activists in Peru.
MORE:
Wikileaks Peru: Ambassador targeted Indigenous activists:
http://bsnorrell.blogspot.com/2011/02/wikileaks-peru-us-ambassador-targeted.html
Wikileaks Peru: US engaged in espionage of Indigenous activists:
http://bsnorrell.blogspot.com/2011/02/wikileaks-us-engaged-in-espionage-of.html
Wikileaks Peru: US feared Indigenous power:
http://bsnorrell.blogspot.com/2011/02/wikileaks-peru-us-feared-return-of.html
Wikileaks US: Canada says UN Declaration headed for a train wreck:
http://bsnorrell.blogspot.com/2011/05/wikileaks-canada-says-un-declaration-on.html
WIKILEAKS: US says Iceland's support of UN Indigenous Declaration is an 'impediment' to US relations:http://bsnorrell.blogspot.com/2011/01/wiki-icelands-support-of-indigenous.html
Background:
UNITED NATIONS DECLARATION ON THE RIGHTS OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLES
Adopted by the General Assembly 13 September 2007
The Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples was adopted by the General Assembly on Thursday September 13, by a majority of 144 states in favour, 4 votes against (Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the United States) and 11 abstentions (Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Burundi, Colombia, Georgia, Kenya, Nigeria, Russian Federation, Samoa and Ukraine). More:
http://www.un.org/esa/socdev/unpfii/en/declaration.html
UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (text)
http://www.un.org/esa/socdev/unpfii/en/drip.html

Kari-Oca 2 Declaration

Kari Oca Declaration signed/Photo Ben Powless, Mohawk, IEN

.

“INDIGENOUS PEOPLES GLOBAL CONFERENCE ON RIO+20 AND MOTHER EARTH”

Haga clic aquí para leer en español.
KARI-OCA 2 DECLARATION
We, the Indigenous Peoples of Mother Earth assembled at the site of Kari-Oka I, sacred Kari-Oka Púku, Rio de Janeiro to participate in the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development Rio+20, thank the Indigenous Peoples of Brazil for welcoming us to their territories. We reaffirm our responsibility to speak for the protection and enhancement of the well-being of Mother Earth, nature and future generations of our Indigenous Peoples and all humanity and life. We recognize the significance of this second convening of Indigenous Peoples of the world and reaffirm the historic 1992 meeting of the Kari-Oca I, where Indigenous Peoples issued The Kari-Oca Declaration and the Indigenous Peoples Earth Charter. The Kari-Oca conference, and the mobilization of Indigenous Peoples around the first UN Earth Summit, marked a big step forward for an international movement for Indigenous Peoples’ rights and the important role that Indigenous Peoples play in conservation and sustainable development. We also reaffirm the Manaus Declaration on the convening of Kari-Oca 2 as the international gathering of Indigenous Peoples for Rio+20.
The institutionalization of Colonialism
We see the goals of UNCSD Rio+20, the “Green Economy” and its premise that the world can only “save” nature by commodifying its life giving and life sustaining capacities as a continuation of the colonialism that Indigenous Peoples and our Mother Earth have faced and resisted for 520 years. The “Green Economy” promises to eradicate poverty but in fact will only favor and respond to multinational enterprises and capitalism. It is a continuation of a global economy based upon fossil fuels, the destruction of the environment by exploiting nature through extractive industries such as mining, oil exploration and production, intensive mono-culture agriculture, and other capitalist investments. All of these efforts are directed toward profit and the accumulation of capital by the few.
Since Rio 1992, we as Indigenous Peoples see that colonization has become the very basis of the globalization of trade and the dominant capitalist global economy. The exploitation and plunder of the world’s ecosystems and biodiversity, as well as the violations of the inherent rights of Indigenous Peoples that depend on them, have intensified. Our rights to self determination, to our own governance and own self-determined development, our inherent rights to our lands, territories and resources are increasingly and alarmingly under attack by the collaboration of governments and transnational corporations. Indigenous activists and leaders defending their territories continue to suffer repression, militarization, including assassination, imprisonment, harassment and vilification as “terrorists.” The violation of our collective rights faces the same impunity. Forced relocation or assimilation assault our future generations, cultures, languages, spiritual ways and relationship to the earth, economically and politically.
We, Indigenous Peoples from all regions of the world have defended our Mother Earth from the aggression of unsustainable development and the over exploitation of our natural resources by mining, logging, mega-dams, exploration and extraction of petroleum. Our forests suffer from the production of agro-fuels, bio-mass, plantations and other impositions of false solutions to climate change and unsustainable, damaging development.
The Green Economy is nothing more than capitalism of nature; a perverse attempt by corporations, extractive industries and governments to cash in on Creation by privatizing, commodifying, and selling off the Sacred and all forms of life and the sky, including the air we breathe, the water we drink and all the genes, plants, traditional seeds, trees, animals, fish, biological and cultural diversity, ecosystems and traditional knowledge that make life on Earth possible and enjoyable.
Gross violations of Indigenous Peoples’ rights to food sovereignty continue unabated thus resulting to food “insecurity”. Our own food production, the plants that we gather, the animals that we hunt, our fields and harvests, the water that we drink and water our fields, the fish that we catch from our rivers and streams, is diminishing at an alarming rate. Unsustainable development projects, such as mono-cultural chemically intensive soya plantations, extractive industries such as mining and other environmentally destructive projects and investments for profit are destroying our biodiversity, poisoning our water, our rivers, streams, and the earth and its ability to maintain life. This is further aggravated by Climate change and hydroelectric dams and other energy production that affect entire ecosystems and their ability to provide for life.
Food sovereignty is one fundamental expression of our collective right to self-determination and sustainable development. Food sovereignty and the right to food must be observed and respected; food must not be a commodity to be used, traded and speculated on for profit. It nourishes our identities, our cultures and languages, and our ability to survive as Indigenous Peoples.
Mother Earth is the source of life which needs to be protected, not a resource to be exploited and commodified as a ‘natural capital.’ We have our place and our responsibilities within Creation’s sacred order. We feel the sustaining joy as things occur in harmony with the Earth and with all life that it creates and sustains. We feel the pain of disharmony when we witness the dishonor of the natural order of Creation and the continued economic colonization and degradation of Mother Earth and all life upon her. Until Indigenous Peoples rights are observed and respected, sustainable development and the eradication of poverty will not be achieved.
The Solution
This inseparable relationship between humans and the Earth, inherent to Indigenous, Peoples must be respected for the sake of our future generations and all of humanity. We urge all humanity to join with us in transforming the social structures, institutions and power relations that underpin our deprivation, oppression and exploitation. Imperialist globalization exploits all that sustains life and damages the Earth. We need to fundamentally reorient production and consumption based on human needs rather than for the boundless accumulation of profit for a few. Society must take collective control of productive resources to meet the needs of sustainable social development and avoid overproduction, over consumption and over exploitation of people and nature which are inevitable under the prevailing monopoly capitalist system. We must focus on sustainable communities based on indigenous knowledge, not on capitalist development.
We demand that the United Nations, governments and corporations abandon false solutions to climate change, like large hydroelectric dams, genetically modified organisms including GMO trees, plantations, agro-fuels, “clean” coal, nuclear power, natural gas, hydraulic fracturing, nanotechnology, synthetic biology, bio-energy, biomass, biochar, geo-engineering, carbon markets, Clean Development Mechanism and REDD+ that endanger the future and life as we know it. Instead of helping to reduce global warming, they poison and destroy the environment and let the climate crisis spiral exponentially, which may render the planet almost uninhabitable.
We cannot allow false solutions to destroy the Earth’s balance, assassinate the seasons, unleash severe weather havoc, privatize life and threaten the very survival of humanity. The Green Economy is a crime against humanity and the Earth. In order to achieve sustainable development, states must recognize the traditional systems of resource management of the Indigenous Peoples that have existed for the millennia, sustaining us even in the face of colonialism. Assuring Indigenous Peoples’ active participation in decision making processes affecting them, and their right of Free Prior and Informed Consent is fundamental. States should likewise provide support for Indigenous Peoples appropriate to their sustainability and self determined priorities without restrictions and constricting guidelines.
Indigenous youth and women’s active participation must also be given importance as they are among the most affected by the negative impacts brought by the commodification of nature. As inheritors of Mother Earth, the youth play a vital role in continuing defending what is left of their natural resources that were valiantly fought for by their ancestors. Their actions and decisions amidst the commercialization of their resources and culture will determine the future of their younger brothers and sisters and the generations to come.
We will continue to struggle against the construction of hydroelectric dams and all other forms of energy production that affect our waters, our fish, our biodiversity and ecosystems that contribute to our food sovereignty. We will work to preserve our territories from the poison of monoculture plantations, extractive industries and other environmentally destructive projects and continue our ways of life, preserving our cultures and identities. We will work to preserve our traditional plants and seeds, and maintain the balance between our needs and the needs of our Mother Earth and her life sustaining capacity. We will demonstrate to the world that it can and must be done. In all matters we will gather and organize the solidarity of all Indigenous Peoples from all parts of the world, and all other sources of solidarity with non-indigenous of good will to join our struggle for food sovereignty and food security. We reject the privatization and corporate control of resources such as our traditional seeds and food. Finally, we demand the states to uphold our rights to the control of our traditional management systems and by providing concrete support such as appropriate technologies for us to develop our food sovereignty.
We reject the false promises of sustainable development and solutions to climate change that only serve the dominant economic order. We reject REDD, REDD+ and other market-based solutions that focus on our forests, to continue the violation of our inherent rights to self determination and right to our lands, territories, waters, and natural resources, and the Earth’s right to create and sustain life. There is no such thing as “sustainable mining.” There is no such thing as “ethical oil.”
We reject the assertion of intellectual property rights over the genetic resources and traditional knowledge of Indigenous peoples which results in the alienation and commodification of Sacred essential to our lives and cultures. We reject industrial modes of food production that promote the use of chemical substances, genetically engineered seeds and organisms. Therefore, we affirm our right to possess, control, protect and pass on the indigenous seeds, medicinal plants and traditional knowledge originating from our lands and territories for the benefit of our future generations.
The Future We Want
In the absence of a true implementation of sustainable development, the world is now in a multiple ecological, economic and climatic crisis; including biodiversity loss, desertification, deglaciation, food, water, energy shortage, a worsening global economic recession, social instability and crisis of values. In this sense, we recognize that much remains to be done by international agreements to respond adequately to the rights and needs of Indigenous Peoples. The actual contributions and potentials of our peoples must be recognized by a true sustainable development for our communities that allows each one of us to Live Well.
As peoples, we reaffirm our rights to self-determination and to own, control and manage our traditional lands and territories, waters and other resources. Our lands and territories are at the core of our existence – we are the land and the land is us; we have a distinct spiritual and material relationship with our lands and territories and they are inextricably linked to our survival and to the preservation and further development of our knowledge systems and cultures, conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and ecosystem management.
We will exercise the right to determine and establish priorities and strategies for our self-development and for the use of our lands, territories and other resources. We demand that free, prior and informed consent must be the determinant and legally binding principle of approving or rejecting any plan, project or activity affecting our lands, territories and other resources. Without the right of Free Prior and Informed Consent, the colonialist model of the domination of the Earth and its resources will continue with the same impunity.
We will continue to unite as Indigenous Peoples and build a strong solidarity and partnership among ourselves, local communities and non-indigenous genuine advocates of our issues. This solidarity will advance the global campaign for Indigenous Peoples rights to land, life and resources and in the achievement of our self-determination and liberation. We will continue to challenge and resist colonialist and capitalist development models that promote the domination of nature, incessant economic growth, limitless profit-seeking resource extraction, unsustainable consumption and production and the unregulated commodities and financial markets. Humans are an integral part of the natural world and all human rights, including Indigenous Peoples’ rights, which must be respected and observed by development.
We invite all of civil society to protect and promote our rights and worldviews and respect natural law, our spiritualities and cultures and our values of reciprocity, harmony with nature, solidarity, and collectivity. Caring and sharing, among other values, are crucial in bringing about a more just, equitable and sustainable world. In this context, we call for the inclusion of cultureas the fourth pillar of sustainable development.
The legal recognition and protection of the rights of Indigenous Peoples to land, territories, resources and traditional knowledge should be a prerequisite for development and planning for any and all types of adaptation and mitigation to climate change, environmental conservation (including the creation of “protected areas”), the sustainable use of biodiversity and measures to combat desertification. In all instances there must be free, prior and informed consent of Indigenous Peoples.
We continue to pursue the commitments made at Earth Summit as reflected in this political declaration. We call on the UN to begin their implementation, and to ensure the full, formal and effective participation of Indigenous Peoples in all processes and activities of the Rio+20 Conference and beyond, in accordance with the United Nations Declaration on the rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP) and the principle of Free, Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC).
We continue to inhabit and maintain the last remaining sustainable ecosystems and biodiversity hotspots in the world. We can contribute substantially to sustainable development but we believe that a holistic ecosystem framework for sustainable development should be promoted. This includes the integration of the human-rights based approach, ecosystem approach and culturally sensitive and knowledge-based approaches.
We declare our solidarity and support for the demands and aspirations of the Indigenous Peoples of Brazil found in the Annex to this Declaration.
We Walk in the Footsteps of our Ancestors.
Accepted by Acclamation, Kari-Oka Village, at Sacred Kari-Oka Púku, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 17 June 2012.
Click here to Download the KARI-OCA 2 DECLARATION (PDF-ENG)
Haga clic aquí para descargar el STATEMENT OF KARI-OCA 2 “WORLD CONFERENCE ON THE INDIGENOUS PEOPLES OF RIO 20 AND MOTHER EARTH” (PDF-ESP)
Clique aqui para fazer o Download da KARI-OCA 2 DECLARAÇÃO “POVOS INDÍGENAS CONFERÊNCIA GLOBAL SOBRE RIO+20 E MÃE TERRA” (PDF-PORTUGUESE)

Indigenous in Rio: 'No!' to Carbon Cowboys

Indigenous in Rio: ‘NO!’ to False Green Economy and Carbon Cowboys

Indigenous deliver Kari-Oca II declaration to UN Secretary General on Thursday, June 21, 2012

By Brenda Norrell
Photos by Ben Powless, Mohawk, IEN
Censored News
http://bsnorrell.blogspot.com/2012/06/indigenous-in-rio-no-to-carbon-cowboys.html

Signing the Kari-Oca II declaration/Photo Ben Powless
Indigenous Peoples are gathered at the Kari-Oca II Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, as the governments and corporate profiteers attempt to place a price on nature as a commodity at the United Nations Conference on Sustainability Rio+20.
Indigenous Peoples will march to the United Nations Rio+20 Summit Thursday, June 21, 2012, to deliver the Kari-Oca II Declaration to the Rio+20 Secretary-General, Sha Zukang. It will be at the Rio Center, Flagpole area between Pavilion 3 and 5, at 11:30 am.
Ratified by over five hundred Indigenous Peoples from Brazil and throughout the world, the Kari-Oca II declaration demands respect for Indigenous Peoples’ rights and the dignity of Mother Earth and condemns the Green Economy as the privatization of Life.

“We see the goals of UNCSD Rio+20, the 'Green Economy,' and its premise that the world can only ‘save’ nature by commodifying its life-giving and life-sustaining capacities as a continuation of the colonialism that Indigenous Peoples and our Mother Earth have faced and resisted for 520 years”, the declaration states.
Calling it a new wave of colonialism, Indigenous Peoples from around the world are fighting to protect their rivers and forests, their air and land from green scams and false climate solutions. They are also remembering the Indigenous environmental activists from around the world who have been murdered protecting their homelands from mining and drilling.
Indigenous Peoples from the United States and Canada are focused on halting the environmental nightmare of Alberta’s dirty tarsands, which has already destroyed Cree homelands in Canada, and the Keystone pipelines, which could pollute even more waterways and lands in the US.
The Indigenous Environmental Network is battling “carbon cowboys,” and exposing the false climate solutions and scam carbon credits of the carbon market, which allows the world’s worst polluters to continue polluting.
Photo IEN's Tom Goldtooth, Dakota Dine', and Clayton Thomas Muller, Cree, at Kari-Oca II in Rio. Photo Ben Powless, Mohawk.
Dirty coal more desperate on Navajo Nation
The worst polluters in the United States include the coal fired power plants on the Navajo Nation, the latest target in a public relations scheme using the carbon credit scam, with so-called green credits, as part of the coal industry's desperate scheme to keep the Navajo Generating Station operating and polluting near the Grand Canyon.
Operated by the Salt River Project in Arizona, the Navajo Generating Station is one of the dirtiest coal fired power plants in the United States, and one of three coal fired power plants on the Navajo Nation. The Navajo Nation is also targeted by water rights theft schemes of Arizona senators and polluted by widespread oil and gas drilling and radioactive tailings from Cold War uranium mines. The Navajo Nation in New Mexico, and Lakota homelands in Nebraska and South Dakota, are both now targeted with new uranium mining that could further contaminate aquifers.
Rights of Nature
At the gatherings underway in Rio, Indigenous Peoples who gathered in Cochabamba, Bolivia, in 2010, are carrying forward the Rights of Nature, mandated by the World’s Peoples Conference on Climate Change and the Rights of Mother Earth.
The Declaration of the Rights of Nature states: “The so-called ‘developed; countries must reduce their levels of over-consumption and overexploitation of resources of the world in order to reestablish harmony among human beings and with nature, allowing for the sustainable development of all developing countries." It also demands a world climate court, redistribution of wealth, and the halt to carbon credits and false climate solutions.
Carbon cowbows, the REDD hoax
Meanwhile, at the Kari-Oca II in Rio, Indigenous demand a halt to the corporate destruction of their forests and rivers, land and air.
Indigenous Peoples denounced the Green Economy and REDD privatization of nature, which is aimed at selling the air and destroying the future.
Indigenous Peoples warn of the REDD scam, which constitutes a worldwide land grab and gigantesque carbon offset scam.
REDD+ is an UN-promoted false solution to climate change and the pillar of the Green Economy. Officially, REDD+ stands for Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation.
Tom Goldtooth (Dakota/Dine´), Director of Indigenous Environmental Network, said that “REDD+ really means Reaping profits from Evictions, land grabs, Deforestation and Destruction of biodiversity.”
Just as Chief Seattle over a hundred years ago asked, “How can you sell the air?,” Marlon Santi of the Ecuadorian Amazon, condemns carbon trading and REDD+ and asks, “How can you sell Mother Earth and Father Sky?”
But apparently someone is trying, as the recently inaugurated Bolsa Verde do Rio de Janeiro (BVRio), a Brazilian stockmarket for forest carbon credits, shows.
Berenice Sanchez of the Nahua People of Mexico said, “Not only does REDD+ corrupt the Sacred and fuel financial speculation, it also serves as greenwash for extractive industries like Shell and Rio Tinto."
Indigenous Peoples said that REDD+ is a “new wave of colonialism.”
From Peru to Papua New Guinea, carbon cowboys are running amok trying to rip off native communities and grab the forests of the world, 80 percent of which are found in Indigenous Peoples´ lands and territories.
Marife Macalanda of the Asia Pacific Indigenous Youth Network said, “The environmental crisis is getting worse because of capitalists´ false solutions such as REDD+. The real solution to the climate crisis affecting the people of the world, especially Indigenous Peoples, is to protect Mother Earth, uphold social justice and respect the Indigenous Peoples’ decisions and right to say no.”
Petition to US Hillary Clinton
The Grassroots Global Justice Alliance said, “The global 1% is converging in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil this June at the Rio+20 United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development to unveil their “Green Economy” strategy—but we know that just calling something 'green' doesn’t mean it’s good for people or for the planet. The Rio+20 Conference is a key moment when world government have an opportunity to either act to protect our future, or continue on the same failed strategies that are threatening our future.”
Photo: Clayton Thomas Muller, Cree, signs Declaration at Kari-Oca II. Photo Ben Powless.
“The 99% are also mobilizing to Brazil this June. Grassroots Global Justice and other grassroots groups in the Climate Justice Alignment will join thousands of people from social movements around the world converging in Rio to demand an end to profit-driven dirty energy industries like oil drilling and pipelines, market-based strategies like carbon-trading and forest exploitation, and extreme energy like fossil fuels and incinerators.”
The alliance is gathering signatures to be sent to US Rio+20 Lead Negotiator John Matuszak, and to the US State Department's Office of Correspondence and Records who tracks and documents comments for US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton:
To US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and US Rio+20 Lead Negotiator John Matuszak,
At the Rio+20 United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development, I urge you to reject the false solutions of the "Green Economy" and instead invest in solutions to the root causes of the ecological and economic crises that put our communities to work, cool the planet, and transition environmental control back to local economies.
In particular, I urge you to: Stop destructive climate projects and unsustainable energy developments including the Canadian Tar Sands, the proposed TransCanada Keystone XL pipeline, and proposed oil drilling in the off-shore Outer Continental Shelf areas of the Beaufort and Chukchi Seas of Alaska.
Reject REDD+ (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation) and other carbon offset models as the pillar of the Green Economy that furthers the privatization of Nature and displaces indigenous communities.
End the Era of Extreme Energy: Create just transition pathways out of resource and carbon-intensive industries such as fossil fuels, waste incineration, biomass energy, nuclear power, and industrial agriculture.
Commit to reducing emissions by 90% from 1990 levels by 2050.
Commit to full-scale investment in inclusive Zero Waste systems, with a transition goal for 2040.
--Sign the Petition at Grassroots Global Justice Alliance
http://ggjalliance.org/RioPetition2012
Phone contacts at Kari-Oca II in Rio:
Tom Goldtooth, ien@igc.org (English/Portuguese)
+1 (218) 760 – 0442 (USA) www.ienearth.org
Berenice Sánchez, ixachitlanti@gmail.com (Spanish) +52 044 55 23 39 39 28

Also see:
Climate Connections: Declaration of Kari-Oca II adopted by 500 Indigenous
http://climate-connections.org/2012/06/19/declaration-of-kari-oca-ii-adopted-by-five-hundred-indigenous-representatives-in-sacred-ceremony/
The Guardian: Environmental activists being killed every week:
http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2012/jun/19/environment-activist-deaths
Bolivia’s proposal to Rio 20: The Rights of Nature:
http://pwccc.wordpress.com/2011/12/19/proposal-of-bolivia-to-rio20/#more-2819
Brenda Norrell brendanorrell@gmail.com
More at: www.bsnorrell.blogspot.com

VIDEO Gwich'in at Kari Oca Human Rights



As the Kari-Oca II is underway in June 2012, during Rio 20, in Brazil, Censored News shares this video from the first gathering in 1992
Photos of Kari Oca II 2012 by Ben Powless at Censored News: http://www.bsnorrell.blogspot.com


Kari-Oca Press Conference: Karen Snowshoe, Gwich'in Nation. Kari-Oca World Conference of Indigenous Peoples on Territory, Environment and Development, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, June 1992. Speaking on Human Rights and International Law. (Original language: English) Educational links: Dialogue Between Nations, International Relationships Indigenous People's Earth Charter, Kari-Oca http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=al4cec0agTw

Welcome to my brothers and sisters who are here. I would like to acknowledge first of all the land that we are on the Indigenous Peoples of these territories because my grandmother has taught me to do that I acknowledge and I recognize that we are in a territory. As you can see I am from the Gwich'in Nation I don't represent the Gwich'in Nation but I am a member of that nation. We are the most northern Indian people of the Americas. We live in the Western Arctic the land called the Northwest Territories of Canada.

In following to what my brother has said here, when we talk about human rights we bring this issue up at this conference that seems to deal with only environment and development and we want to make it very clear that you cannot separate the environment from development, from social justice or human rights issues because as indigenous peoples we have our laws they are natural and they are spiritual. We were placed on our respective territories to care for those territories for future generations and I tell you why you cannot separate human rights issues from environment and development because in all these territories indigenous peoples throughout the world their human rights are being violated whether they are being placed on reserves, displaced from their land the continuing genocide the policies of states governments continuing assimilation the saddle tactics of genocide are preventing us from fulfilling our responsibility as care takers of those lands. If you look in our declaration our first section deals with human rights and international law. We talk about collective rights we don't talk about individual rights for our peoples. Because in our traditional forms of governments there was no need to assert individual rights. They were already guaranteed in our sacred circle, in our traditional forms of government.

And so here we are up to this day and we have survived and we will continue to maintain that right for the right to have collective rights. But we want those guaranteed in international law. There is something called the Universal Declaration of Indigenous Rights which is presently in draft form and in our statement it says that we urge governments to support the United Nations work through fund indigenous peoples universal declaration of indigenous rights. But for more examples you can look through our chapter those are just a few words I wanted to share with you.

Thank you for being here.

Karen Snowshoe, Gwich'in

More:
http://www.dialoguebetweennations.com/ir/english/kariocakimberley/HumanRightsIntLaw.html

Kari-oca Press Conference, Rio Centro, UN Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED), June 1992. Marcos Terena, Indigenous leader (Brazil), Coordinator of the Comite Intertribal Memoria e Ciencia and Coordinator of the Kari-Oca World Conference of Indigenous Peoples on Territory, Environment and Development, speaks to the international press about responsibilities. The following day, Marcos Terena presented the Declaration of Kari-Oca and the Kari-Oca Earth Charter of Indigenous Peoples in the UNCED Plenary. (Clip is in Portuguese)

Indigenous say 'NO!' to the False Green Economy at Rio 20

Grassroots Global Justice Alliance
Posted at Censored News
http://www.bsnorrell.blogspot.com

Photo by Ben Powless


The global 1% is converging in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil this June at the Rio+20 United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development to unveil their “Green Economy” strategy—but we know that just calling something “green” doesn’t mean it’s good for people or for the planet. The "Rio+20" Conference is a key moment when world government have an opportunity to either act to protect our future, or continue on the same failed strategies that are threatening our future.
The 99% are also mobilizing to Brazil this June. Grassroots Global Justice and other grassroots groups in the Climate Justice Alignment will join thousands of people from social movements around the world converging in Rio to demand an end to profit-driven dirty energy industries like oil drilling and pipelines, market-based strategies like carbon-trading and forest exploitation, and extreme energy like fossil fuels and incinerators.


When you sign, an email will be sent directly to US Rio+20 Lead Negotiator John Matuszak, and to the US State Department's Office of Correspondence and Records who tracks and documents comments for US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton:To US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and US Rio+20 Lead Negotiator John Matuszak,
At the Rio+20 United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development, I urge you to reject the false solutions of the "Green Economy" and instead invest in solutions to the root causes of the ecological and economic crises that put our communities to work, cool the planet, and transition environmental control back to local economies.
In particular, I urge you to:
Photo by Ben Powless
  1. Stop destructive climate projects and unsustainable energy developments including the Canadian Tar Sands, the proposed TransCanada Keystone XL pipeline, and proposed oil drilling in the off-shore Outer Continental Shelf areas of the Beaufort and Chukchi Seas of Alaska.
  2. Reject REDD+ (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation) and other carbon offset models as the pillar of the Green Economy that furthers the privatization of Nature and displaces indigenous communities.
  3. End the Era of Extreme Energy: Create just transition pathways out of resource and carbon-intensive industries such as fossil fuels, waste incineration, biomass energy, nuclear power, and industrial agriculture.
  4. Commit to reducing emissions by 90% from 1990 levels by 2050.
  5. Commit to full-scale investment in inclusive Zero Waste systems, with a transition goal for 2040.
    Sign the Petition at Grassroots Global Justice Alliance
http://ggjalliance.org/RioPetition2012

Also see:
The Guardian: Environmental activists being killed every week:
http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2012/jun/19/environment-activist-deaths